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UNCLASSIFIED
The U.S. Army Research Laboratory’s
Open Campus:
Redefining Defense Research
Dr. Joseph N. Mait
Chief Scientist
U.S. Army Research Laboratory
U.S. Army Research, Development and
Engineering Command
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U.S. Army Research Laboratory
Mission
Innovative science, technology, and analyses to enable full
spectrum operations.
Vision
America’s Laboratory for the Army: Many Minds, Many
Capabilities, Single Focus on the Soldier
DISCOVER
INNOVATE
TRANSITION
Making today’s Army and the next Army obsolete
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The Defense Laboratory
 Inspired by Thomas Edison’s vision of “a great
research laboratory” maintained by Government;
NRL created in 1923
 In 1945, Bush‘s Science-the Endless Frontier
became model for scientific pursuits
“There are certain kinds of research - such as research
on the improvement of existing weapons - which can best
be done within the military establishment. However, the
job of long-range research involving application of the
newest scientific discoveries to military needs should be
the responsibility of those civilian scientists in the
universities and in industry who are best trained to
discharge it thoroughly and successfully. It is essential
that both kinds of research go forward and that there
be the closest liaison between the two groups.”
Bush, Vannevar. Science-The Endless Frontier, A Report to the President. July 1945.
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Current Defense Laboratory Model
Gates & High Walls provide 20th
century security, but are barriers to
21st century innovation
Defense laboratories relatively
unchanged since inception!
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Current Challenges with Defense
Laboratory Model
 Increased number &
frequency of threats
 Globalization of science
and technology
 Mobility of workforce
 Funding constraints
 Growth in private sector
research and innovation
 Requirement to be more
efficient and resourceful
Accelerating Rate Of Technological Change
http://ic-pod.typepad.com/design_at_the_edge/2007/08/the-design-of-i.html
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Ideal State
DEFENSE
LABORATORIES
ACADEMIA
Facilities
People
Resources
INDUSTRY
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Efficient,
effective and
agile research
system
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Addressing Current Challenges
Piloting a New Laboratory Business Model
Transformation Principles
Flow, Agility, Quality, Efficiency & Effectiveness
Create flexibility and
agility to make workforce
changes to keep pace
with rapidly evolving
technologies & national
security requirements
ATTRACT BEST
& BRIGHTEST
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Enhance partnering
with academia,
industry, federal labs, &
entrepreneurs
Enable greater sharing
of specialized facilities
between agencies,
private sector partners,
and experiment with
new models for
modernizing labs
Implement strategies
and policies that support
exploitation of science
and transition to small
business and
entrepreneurs
OPEN
CAMPUSES
SHARED MODERN
FACILITIES
INNOVATION
PRACTICES
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Attract Best and Brightest
 Transforming Human Capital Management Strategy
 Inject new, quality talent and begin personnel “flow” between government,
academia, small-business & industry
 Allow in-house staff
opportunity to work in
academic, industry and
small business settings
 Provide government
employees opportunities to
explore IP ventures
 Create joint appointments
between government,
academia and industry
 Increase high-quality, high-impact jobs geared toward future technologies
to attract future STEM workforce
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Open Campus
Attributes
•
•
•
•
•
Campus-like environment with collaborative space
Ready access for all partners including foreign nationals
Expansion of academic programs & collaboration
Access to world-renown facilities and resources
Synergistic with MD and DC metro area entrepreneur
community
• Better focus of small business innovative research
(SBIR) investments
electronic access controls
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Why an Open Campus?
 Universities have built multi-discipline research facilities to encourage the
formation of research communities that advance knowledge across traditional
boundaries
 Multi-disciplinary collaborative projects often yield unpredictable, innovative
results
 Multi-disciplinary collaborative projects are best accomplished with colocated teams
 Physical design of buildings & campuses encourages physical interaction
 Formal & informal interactions among scientists advance knowledge and
promote research breakthroughs
ARL OPEN CAMPUS IS ADOPTING THESE BEST PRACTICES TO STIMULATE
RESEARCH, INNOVATION, AND TECHNOLOGY INFUSION
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Shared Modern Research Facilities
Specialty Electronic Materials & Sensors Cleanroom (SEMASC)
State-of-the-art semiconductor processing laboratory in Adelphi, MD
Permits rapid study of interactions between
device design, growth & processing
• 10,000 GSF Class 100 (9 Bays)
• 5,000 GSF Class 10 (3 Bays)
 Innovative materials, devices, & process
technologies allow verification of new materials
without impacting ongoing research
 Opto-electronics, nano-science, MEMS, electronics,
microscale power conditioning & generation
Collaborative research performed with
domestic partners using CRADAs, Interagency
Agreements and Test Services Agreements
 Highly collaborative (DoD, industry & academia)
THE CURRENT DEFENSE LABORATORY MODEL LIMITS FULL PARTNERSHIP
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Technical Infrastructure
Microsystem Indoor Testing
Grounds
Electromagnetic
Vulnerability Assessment
Facility
Novel Energetics Research
Facility
DSRC & Scientific
Visualization Facility
Rotorcraft Survivability
Assessment Facility
Zahl Physical Sciences Laboratory
Robotics Research Facility
Rodman Materials
Research Laboratory
Vertical Impulse
Measurement Facility
Specialty Electronic Materials and
Sensors Cleanroom
Vehicle Research Laboratory
Shooter Performance Facility
Environment for Auditory
Research
Access to Partner Facilities
Transonic Experimental Facility
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Fuel Reformation Laboratory
Academia
Industry
Pulse Power Facility
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Successful Innovation Example
NASA Research Park (NRP) at NASA Ames Research Center
 World-class, shared-use R&D campus for
government, academia, non-profits and
industry working in a collaborative and
profitable partnership to advance NASA
mission
 70 onsite partners (including 10
universities and over 45 companies)
 Developed culture of collaboration
 Proven business management and
processes
 Large-scale leases
 Google (42 acres 1.2M sf)
 University Associates (72 acres 3M sf)
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NASA Research Park: 2020 Campus Plan
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
2003 U.S. Government “Best
Innovative Policy” national award
National Research Council Review,
“new model of industry-government
partnerships.”
National Academy of Sciences
“NRP a NASA and National Asset”
Paper Presentation 2008
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Benefits to the Army
ARL Open Campus will be uniquely positioned as a nourishing and
dynamic environment for cutting-edge research and education
Through this initiative, ARL is creating:
 A world-class shared-use R&D and
education campus for industry, academia,
non-profits, and government
 An environment that fosters both informal
and formal interactions through careful
selection of tenants
 A collaborative and profitable partnership
to advance the defense mission
 Ability to modernize facilities using leases
with annual revenue that is re-invested in
the Garrison
 A center that actively promotes innovation
and entrepreneurship to develop
revolutionary technology for the Soldier
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Montgomery Planning Board advances master plan for
White Oak Science Gateway - 19 SEP 13
- Create a mixed use center with reduced vehicular traffic
by 25 % & connection to “purple line” METRO
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Action Plan

Physically open designated portions of ARL/Adelphi campus to local academic
and industry partners
 Dedicate space for unclassified fundamental research in electronics and intelligent systems
 State of the art clean room
 Urban Experimental Facility for autonomous systems & sensing (9,800 ft2)

Build partnerships
 Conduct recruitment campaign seeking 50-100 visiting researchers by summer of 2014

Pursue an enhanced use lease agreement to construct modern office spaces
while renovating previous office space into lab facilities
 Establish a Partnership Intermediary Agreement with the state of Maryland and a non-profit R&D
organization to facilitate educational partnerships and accelerate technology transfer
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Fundamental understanding of emerging technologies that support weapon systems,
protection systems, and injury mechanisms affecting the Warfighter
Sciences for Maneuver
Fundamental understanding of the design, integration, control, and exploitation of highly
adaptive platforms in complex environments
Assessment and Analysis
Sciences for Lethality & Protection
Quantitatively Assess the development and application of analytical tools and
methodologies to quantitatively assess the military utility of Army, DoD, and select
foreign combat systems.
Fundamental understanding of information generation, collection, assurance,
distribution, and exploitation.
Materials Research
Information Sciences
Fundamental understanding of structural, electronic, photonic, and energy
materials & devices.
Steering and oversight of the systematic study to increase fundamental
knowledge and understanding in physical, engineering, environmental,
and life sciences related to long-term national security needs.
Fundamental understanding of Warfighter performance enhancement, training aids, and
man-machine integration..
Computational Sciences
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Human Sciences
Fundamental understanding of computer hardware, high efficiency
algorithms, and novel mathematical methods.
Extramural Basic Research
ARL S&T Campaigns
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Summary
ARL Open Campus
 Establishes a new world-class R&D and education campus for the Army
 Leverages Army resources for greater mission benefit
 Improves ARL performance by
onsite R&D collaborations with
 More opportunity for technology
advancement and transfer of
research knowledge
 Pursues Army education and
outreach goals
 Provides workforce development
opportunities for high-tech careers
 Increases public involvement and
understanding of defense
science technology and
exploration
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ARL ALC Future Development
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Backup
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Army S&T Enterprise
Under Secretary of the Army
Honorable Joseph W. Westphal
Secretary of the Army
Honorable John M. McHugh
Assistant to the Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology
Honorable Heidi Shyu
Army Chief
Scientist
Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army (Research & Technology)
Ms. Mary Miller
* Percent of S&T core program executed
71.9%*
9.9%*
Army Materiel Command
Research, Development &
Engineering Command
ARL
Army Research
Laboratory
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AMRDEC
Aviation & Missile
Research,
Development &
Engineering
Command
14.3%*
2.3%*
U.S. Army Medical
Command
U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers
U.S. Army Space &
Missile Defense
Command
Army Medical Research &
Materiel Command
Engineer Research &
Development Center
Space & Missile Defense
Technical Center
Laboratories
Laboratories
ARDEC
Armaments
Research,
Development &
Engineering
Command
1.6%*
HQDA, G-1 Personnel
U.S. Army Research
Institute for the
Behavioral and Social
Sciences (ARI)
CERDEC
ECBC
NSRDEC
TARDEC
CommunicationsElectronics
Research,
Development &
Engineering
Command
Edgewood
Chemical
Biological
Center
Natick Soldier
Research,
Development &
Engineering
Command
Tank-Automotive
Research,
Development &
Engineering
Command
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U.S. Army Research Laboratory
Director
Associate Director
Plans & Programs
Military Deputy
LTC Timothy
Domke (A)
Dr. Thomas Russell
Mr. Todd
Rosenberger
Associate Director
Science &
Technology
Chief Scientist
Dr. Alma
Wickenden (A)
Sergeant Major
Christopher Harris
Deputy Director
Basic Science
Director ARO
Associate Director
Laboratory
Operations
Ms. Teresa Kines
Dr. Joseph Mait
Dr. David Skatrud
Vehicle
Technology
Human Research
& Engineering
Survivability/
Lethality Analysis
Computational &
Information Sciences
Sensors & Electron
Devices
Weapons &
Materials Research
Dr. Mark Valco (A)
Dr. Laurel Allender
Dr. Paul Tanenbaum
Dr. John Pellegrino
Dr. Philip Perconti
Dr. Patrick Baker
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S&T in RDECOM
RDECs
RDEC Matrixed
Engineers to PEO
/ PMs
LCMCs
ARL
Discovery
Innovation
Advanced
Development
Engineering &
Production
INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY SEARCH
UNCLASSIFIED
Support to
Warfighter
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