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v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨v

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`v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨v
mZ¨wRr ivq gRyg`vi
evsjv‡`k BwZnvm mw¤§jbx
1971 : MYnZ¨v-wbh©vZb wbN©È MÖš’gvjv : 1
MÖš’gvjv m¤úv`K
gybZvmxi gvgyb
mn‡hvMx m¤úv`K
gvgyb wmwÏKx
cÖKvkKvj
†cŠl 1421/wW‡m¤^i 201
`v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨v
[Damerkhando Genocide]
©
1971 : MYnZ¨v-wbh©vZb AvK©vBf I Rv`yNi Uªv÷
[1971 : Genocide-Torture Archive & Museum Trust]
evsjv‡`k BwZnvm mw¤§jbx
[Bangladesh Historty Congress]
cÖKvkK
1971 : MYnZ¨v-wbh©vZb AvK©vBf I Rv`yNi Uªv÷
334 †ki-G-evsjv †ivW, gqjv‡cvZv †gvo, Lyjbv 9100
itihassammilani.bd@gmail.com, archivemuseum1971@gmail.com
01816288674, 01715457382, 01711217111
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Iqvb ÷c wcÖ›Ukc, 60/G, cyivbv cëb, XvKv 1000
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MÖš’ bKkv I cÖ”Q`
ZvwiK myRvZ
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ISBN : 978 984 33 8461 4
b¨vkbvj dvBb¨vÝ wjwg‡UW cÖ`Ë Aa¨vcK Kexi †PŠayix Aby`v‡bi
mnvqZvq GB MÖš’ cÖKvk Kiv n‡q‡Q
MÖš’gvjv cÖm‡½
gyw³hy‡×i cÖavb ˆewkó¨ MYnZ¨v-wbh©vZb| G‡Ki AwaK gvbyl‡K nZ¨v‡KB wPwýZ Kiv
n‡q‡Q MYnZ¨v wn‡m‡e| wbh©vZ‡bi AšÍM©Z kvixwiK wbh©vZb, al©Y I †`kZ¨v‡M eva¨ Kiv|
gyw³hy‡× exiZ¡Mv_v me‡P‡q †ewk Av‡jvwPZ Ges Zv ¯^vfvweK| wKš‘, wØZxq wek¦hy‡× †Kvb
GKwU †`‡k GZ Aí mg‡q G‡Zv nZ¨vI nqwb| hw`I Avgiv ewj 30 j¶ knx` n‡q‡Qb
wKš‘ g‡b nq msL¨vwU ZviI †ewk n‡e| MYnZ¨v, ea¨f~wg, wbh©vZb gyw³hy‡×i eqv‡b
G‡Kev‡i †bB Zv bq wKš‘ ¸iæZ¡ Z‡ZvUv Gi Ici †`qv nqwb| †h Kvi‡Y gyw³hy‡×
AvZ¥Z¨v‡Mi e¨vcviwU Avov‡j c‡o hvq| wKš‘ BD‡iv‡c wØZxq wek¦hy‡×i mgq †h MYnZ¨v
n‡qwQj Zvi IciB †ewk ¸iæZ¡ Av‡ivc Kiv n‡q‡Q| Pjw”PÎ, mvwnZ¨, wkíKjv me †¶‡Î
GLbI †mB MYnZ¨vi K_v wd‡i Av‡m| †h Kvi‡Y BD‡iv‡c d¨vmxev` Avi bvwRev` RvqMv
K‡i wb‡Z cv‡iwb| Avgv‡`i GLv‡b Zv nqwb †`‡L MYnZ¨vi msL¨v wb‡q GLbI A‡b‡K cÖkœ
Kivi mvnm iv‡Lb Ges nZ¨vKvix‡`i mgvR I ivRbxwZ‡Z Ggbfv‡e cybtcÖwZôv Kiv n‡q‡Q
Zviv GKwU ivR‰bwZK kw³‡Z cwiYZ n‡q‡Q| †`‡k mvgwiKev`, Rw½ev`, †gŠjev`
AveviI †kKo †M‡o‡Q|
G †`‡k MYnZ¨v-wbh©vZb Pvwj‡q‡Q cvwK¯Ívwb nvbv`vi evwnwb I Zv‡`i G †`kxq
†`vmi ivRvKvi, Avj-e`i, kvwšÍ KwgwUi m`m¨iv| Rvgvqv‡Z Bmjvgx, †bRv‡g Bmjvg,
gymwjg jxM †_‡KB g~jZ Gme evwnbx‡Z †M‡Q Kwg©iv| my‡Li welq, Gme
gvbeZv-we‡ivax‡`i wePvi ïiæ n‡q‡Q eZ©gvb cÖavbgš¿x †kL nvwmbvi D‡`¨v‡M|
†`‡ki Avbv‡P-Kvbv‡P i‡q‡Q AmsL¨ ea¨f~wg I MYKei| wbh©vZ‡bi wkKvi eû
bvix-cyiæl GLbI †ivgnl©K ¯§„wZ †ivgš’b K‡ib| †mme MYnZ¨vi e„ËvšÍ, ea¨f~wg I
MYKe‡ii K_v, GgbKx wbh©vZ‡bi K_v weR‡qi †MŠie-fv‡l¨ D‡cw¶Z †_‡K †M‡Q| wKš‘
gyw³hy‡×i e¯‘wbô BwZnvm iPbvq, Abycy•L BwZnvm AbymÜv‡b Gm‡ei ¸iæZ¡ Acwimxg|
MYnZ¨v, ea¨f~wg I wbh©vZ‡bi BwZnvm msi¶Y Ges G msµvšÍ msMÖnkvjv ˆZwi Avgv‡`i
RvZxq KZ©e¨| Gi ga¨ w`‡q gyw³hy‡×i BwZnvm D‡V Avmvi cvkvcvwk DËicÖR‡b¥i gv‡S
gyw³msMÖv‡gi gg©evYx cÖwZfvZ n‡e| GB ZvwM` †_‡K M‡o I‡V‡Q Ô1971: MYnZ¨v-wbh©vZb
AvK©vBf I Rv`yNiÕ| GB cÖwZôv‡bi D‡Ïk¨ gyw³hy×Kv‡j MYnZ¨v, ea¨f~wg, MYKei I
bvbvgyLx wbh©vZ‡bi `y®cÖvcÖ¨ I Ag~j¨ DcKiY msMÖn Ges RvwZi mvg‡b gyw³hy‡×i gg©K_v
Zz‡j aiv| Gi cvkvcvwk GKwU Amv¤cÖ`vwqK, ag©wbi‡c¶, †kvlYgy³ ivóª I mgvR wbg©v‡Yi
evYx cÖPvi Kiv G cÖwZôv‡bi Av`k©|
`v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨v
3
GiB Av‡jv‡K G hverKv‡j cÖvß MYnZ¨v I ea¨f~wgi Ici †¶ÎvbymÜv‡bi gva¨‡g
µgvš^‡q cÖ‡Z¨KwU MYnZ¨vi BwZe„Ë Zz‡j aiv Ô1971: MYnZ¨v-wbh©vZb wbN©È MÖš’gvjvÕi
D‡Ïk¨| cÖ‡Z¨KwU cyw¯ÍKv †jL‡Ki ¯^KxqZv eRvq †i‡LI wbw`©ó KvVv‡gvi g‡a¨ cÖYxZ n‡e|
Gi welq-web¨v‡mi g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q ¯’vbwUi †fŠ‡MvwjK Ae¯’vb, ZrKvjxb Ae¯’v, MYnZ¨vi
cUf~wg, MYnZ¨v I wbh©vZ‡bi weeiY, knx` I wbh©vwZZ‡`i bvg-cwiPq, fy³‡fvMx I
cÖZ¨¶`kx©i †gŠwLK fvl¨, MYnZ¨vq RwoZ‡`i bvg-cwiPq, ea¨f~wg msi¶‡Yi cÖqvm,
eZ©gvb Ae¯’v Ges mvwe©K g~j¨vqb| cÖwZ‡e`bagx© n‡jI cy‡iv KvRwU M‡elYvg~jK| D‡jøL¨,
MYnZ¨vq me knx‡`i bvg †Kv_vI cvIqv hvq bv| GLv‡b cÖwZwU MYnZ¨vq †h KR‡bi bvg
cvIqv †M‡Q ïay ZvB D‡jøL Kiv n‡q‡Q|
MÖ‡š’ A‡bK Av‡jvKwPÎ/wkíx‡`i wPÎK‡g©i cÖwZwjwc e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q hv †bqv
n‡q‡Q AšÍR©vj I wewfbœ eB †_‡K| gyw³hy‡×i Qwe †h‡nZz Rb¯^v‡_© e¨eüZ nq †m Rb¨
KLbI †KD AvcwË †Zv‡jbwb| wkíx I Av‡jvKwPw·`i FY Avgiv ¯^xKvi KiwQ|
G Kv‡Ri ¯^vZš¿¨ GLv‡b †h, †jLK MYnZ¨v I ea¨f~wgi ¯’‡j m‡iRwg‡b wM‡q,
†LuvR-Lei wb‡q, MYnZ¨v mswkøóR‡bi m‡½ K_v e‡j, ch©‡e¶Y K‡iÑ †mB AkÖæ- †kvwY‡Zi
w`b¸wj‡K AšÍ‡i Abyfe K‡i Z‡eB cÖYqb K‡i‡Qb GB fvl¨| mevi ü`q wbsov‡bv
K_vgvjv †hb GLv‡b †g‡j a‡i‡Q fqvj w`‡bi ¯§„wZ| d‡j Gi ga¨ w`‡q †h †mB MYnZ¨v I
wbh©vZ‡bi K_v AK…wÎgiƒ‡c D‡V G‡m‡QÑ G fimv Avgiv Kwi|
eZ©gvb cyw¯ÍKv `v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨vq ev‡MinvU †Rjvi my›`ieb mwbœwnZ `yM©g GjvKv
†gvsjvi `v‡giLÐ MÖv‡g msNwUZ MYnZ¨v-wbh©vZ‡bi e„ËvšÍ Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb mZ¨wRr ivq
gRyg`vi| wbw`©ó QK AbymiY K‡iI wZwb `v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨vi BwZnvm Zz‡j aivi cvkvcvwk
Gi ˆewkó¨mg~n ch©v‡jvPbv K‡i‡Qb| Avgv‡`i GB cÖqv‡m hy³ nIqvi R‡b¨ Zuv‡K AvšÍwiK
ab¨ev` RvbvB|
gyw³hy‡×i MYnZ¨v-wbh©vZb, ea¨f~wg I MYKei msµvšÍ we`¨vPP©vq G MÖš’gvjv we‡kl
Av‡jv †dj‡e e‡j Avgv‡`i `„p wek¦vm| mK‡ji mw¤§wjZ cÖqv‡mi gva¨‡g ïay †MŠie bq,
gyw³hy‡×i †e`bvwea~i Kvwnbx Zz‡j ai‡Z cvi‡j gyw³hy‡×i e¯Íywbô BwZnvm D‡V Avm‡e|
GB †e`bv I †MŠi‡ei Kvwnbx eqv‡bi gva¨‡g gvbeZvi RqMvb K‡i m¤cÖxwZi mgvR wbg©vY
Avgv‡`i j¶¨|
gybZvmxi gvgyb
MÖš’gvjv m¤úv`K
4 `v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨v
f~wgKv
evsjv‡`‡ki cÖwZwU A‡j gyw³hy‡×i bq gv‡m msNwUZ cvwK¯Ívwbevwnbxi AvµgY I
wbh©vZ‡bi wPý Qwo‡q i‡q‡Q| Zv‡`i †`vmi wQj ivRvKvi, Avje`i I Avjkvg‡mi
m`m¨iv| Ggb GKwU MYnZ¨v I bvix wbh©vZ‡bi NUbv N‡U ev‡MinvU †Rjvi †gvsjv
_vbvi `v‡giLÐ MÖv‡g| †g gv‡mi †kl w`‡K GB MÖv‡g Ae¯’vbKvix cÖvq 3k kiYv_x©i
Dci b„ksm AvµgY K‡i cÖvq 50 Rb bvix-cyiæl‡K nZ¨v K‡i ivRvKvi evwnbx| Zviv
AK_¨ wbh©vZb Pvjvq 10-12 Rb bvixi Dci|
`v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨vi cwiwa `v‡giLÐ, gv`yicvëv, wbZvLvjx, †`vqvixRvivmn
Avkcv‡ki K‡qKwU MÖvgRy‡o we¯Í…Z| `v‡giLÐ MÖvgwU j¶¨¯’vb Ges †mLv‡b wbn‡Zi
msL¨v †ewk nIqvq GwUB `v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨v wn‡m‡e cwiwPZ|
†`‡ki Ab¨vb¨ ¯’v‡bi g‡Zv nZ¨v-wbh©vZ‡bi MwZ-cÖK…wZ GLv‡bI GKB iKg|
`je×fv‡e ïay wn›`y m¤cÖ`vq‡K j¶¨ K‡i jyU, AwMœms‡hvM Ges nZ¨v-wbh©vZb †k‡l al©Y
w`‡q †kl n‡q‡Q Acv‡ikb| GB AvµgY Pvwj‡qwQj g~jZ GKB gnKzgvi ivgcvj Ges
ev‡Minv‡Ui ewnivMZ ivRvKviiv| Zv‡`i mn‡hvMx wn‡m‡e Ask †bq ¯’vbxq ivRvKvi
evwnbx| `v‡giLÐ Avµg‡Y 50-60 Rb `ye©„Ë Ask wb‡jI g~j `‡j wQj cÖvq 200
ivRvKvi| eo AskwU †gv‡ijMÄ _vbvi wRDaiv BDwbq‡bi j²xLvjx MÖv‡g †Mvcvj mvayi
evwo nvgjv Pvjvq| Avi Gi g~j cwiKíbv I wb‡`©kbvq wQj ev‡MinvU kn‡ii KzL¨vZ
ivRvKvi KgvÐvi i¾e Avjx dwKi| `v‡giLÐ †_‡K ivgcvj Ges ev‡MinvU m`‡ii
mivmwi `~iZ¡ 15 Ges 35 wK. wg.| nZ¨vi †bkvq G‡Zv `~i †_‡K G‡mI Db¥Ë ivRvKviiv
Zv‡`i wRNvsmv PwiZv_© K‡i‡Q| ev‡MinvU †Rjvi eo MYnZ¨vwU msNwUZ nq ivgcvj
_vbvi WvKiv MÖv‡g| WvKivi NUbvi m‡½ `v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨vi m¤úK© we`¨gvb| KviY IB
NUbvi 48 NÈvi g‡a¨ GLv‡b AvµgY nq Ges AvµgYKvixivI wQj GKB `‡ji m`m¨|
Zviv †`kxq A¯¿ ivg`v, jvwV-iW BZ¨vw`i mv‡_ e›`yK-ivB‡djI e¨envi K‡i|
A¯¿avix Qvov GB nvgjvq AviI Ask †bq K‡qKk mvaviY jy‡Uiv| Zv‡`i D‡Ïk¨
wQj ïay wn›`y‡`i ab-m¤ú` jyU Kiv| Amnvq wn›`yiv hLb Rxe‡bi gvqvq Qy‡UvQywU K‡i
ZLb Zv‡`i KvQ †_‡K me wKQy †K‡o †bIqv wQj mnR| d‡j Giv nZ¨vq AskMÖnY
K‡iwb| K‡qKwU †¶‡Î wn›`y‡`i euvPv‡ZI †Póv K‡i‡Q| wKš‘ IB gyn~‡Z© Zv‡`i Kv‡Q
`v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨v
5
¯’vei-A¯’vei m¤ú`-m¤úwËi †P‡q KviI cÖvYi¶vi welqwU †gv‡UI ¸iæZ¡c~Y© wQj bv|
Zviv jy‡Ui gvj Kâv Ki‡Z wM‡q Rxebi¶vq gb †`qwb|
gyw³hy×Kvjxb MYnZ¨v †_‡K Avi GKUv welq cwi®‹vi †evSv hvq †h, AvµvšÍ‡`i
AvZ¥i¶vi welqwU wQj G‡Kev‡iB `ye©j| Gi KviYI i‡q‡Q| cÖ_gZ, gvP© gvm †_‡K
ïiæ nIqv cÖwZ‡iva Kvh©µg †f‡O c‡owQj †g gv‡mi w`‡K| G mgq cÖvq mviv †`k
cvwK¯Ívwbevwnbx I Zv‡`i †`vmiiv `Lj K‡i †bq| myZivs gvbwmKfv‡e cvwK¯Ívwb
evwnbxi Dci cybt Avµg‡Yi kw³-mvnm AR©b bv Kiv ch©šÍ †Kv_vI eo cÖwZ‡iva m¤¢e
nqwb| G mgq ¯^vaxbZvi c‡¶i mK‡j GjvKv †Q‡o fvi‡Z A_ev AvZ¥‡Mvc‡b P‡j
wM‡q‡Q| ZvB Ggb me Avµg‡Yi NUbv¸‡jv g‡b nq GKZidv| G‡Z AvµgYKvix‡`i
wbôziZv wQj, †Kvb kw³-mvg‡_©i cwiPq wQj bv| wØZxqZ, `yf©vM¨‡K †KD cÖZ¨vkv K‡i
bv e‡j Nv‡oi Dci G‡m bv cov ch©šÍ ¸iæZ¡ †`Iqv n‡q I‡Vwb| 1964 wLªóv‡ã GjvKvq
msNwUZ mv¤cÖ`vwqK `v½vi AwfÁZv A‡b‡K fy‡j wM‡qwQ‡jb| †m mgq A‡bK gymjgvb
cwievi we‡kl K‡i XvjxiLÐ MÖv‡gi BRviv`vi cwiev‡ii BDbym Avjx BRviv`vi Kvh©Ki
mnvqZv w`‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb| GKvˇi wefw³ n‡qwQj ¯^vaxbZvi c‡¶ I wec‡¶| d‡j
gymjgvbivI Avµg‡Yi wkKvi n‡q wn›`y‡`i Avjv`vfv‡e i¶v Ki‡Z Av‡mwb| Zviv
†ewkifvM †¶‡Î NUbvi c‡i G‡m mnvqZv w`‡q‡Qb| Kxfv‡e Ggb cwiw¯’wZ‡Z AvZ¥i¶v
Kiv hvq Zvi †Kvb D`vniY KviI mvg‡b wQj bv| me‡P‡q `ye©j w`K wQj evwo-N‡ii
gvqv Z¨vM K‡i mgqg‡Zv fvi‡Z P‡j bv hvIqv| †`Lv †M‡Q, wbh©vwZZ bv nIqv ch©šÍ eû
cwievi †`kZ¨vM Ki‡Z cv‡iwb ev K‡iwb| GwcÖj gvm †_‡K †`‡k hy×ve¯’v ïiæ n‡jI
GB GjvKvi gvbyl †g-Ryb gv‡m evwo Z¨vM Ki‡Z ïiæ K‡i| A‡b‡K RyjvB-AvM÷
gv‡mI †`k Z¨vM K‡i‡Qb|
gyw³hy‡×i BwZnv‡m `v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨vi Z_¨ h‡_ó ¸iæ‡Z¡i mv‡_ D‡V Av‡mwb|
cÖZ¨šÍ GjvKvi NUbv e‡j AvÂwjK †jLK-mvsevw`‡KiI `„wó Gwo‡q †M‡Q GZw`b|
ev‡Minv‡Ui gyw³hy× wb‡q wbf©i‡hvM¨ cy¯ÍK ¯^‡ivwPl miKvi iwPZ GKvˇi ev‡MinvU|
G‡Z `v‡giLÐ nZ¨vKvÐ cÖm½ Abycw¯’Z| †Rjvi BwZnvm cÖYq‡bi †¶‡Î cÖZ¨šÍ GjvKvi
LuywUbvwU Z_¨ D‡V Avm‡e GgbUv AvkvI Kiv hvq bv| G Qvov †kL MvDm wgqv iwPZ
gyw³msMÖvg I ¯^vaxbZv hy× : ev‡MinvU †Rjv cy¯Í‡KI welqwU Av‡mwb| GKgvÎ m. g.
evei Avjxi ¯^vaxbZvi `yR©q Awfhvb MÖ‡š’ `v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨vi msw¶ß eY©bv cvIqv hvq|
6 `v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨v
ÔIqvi µvBgm d¨v±m dvBwÛs KwgwUÕ mviv †`‡k 920wU ea¨f~wg kbv³ K‡i‡Q|
Zviv g‡b K‡i, †`‡k cuvP nvRv‡iiI †ewk ea¨f~wg i‡q‡Q| Gi `yB nvRvi ea¨f~wg D×vi
Kiv m¤¢e| evwK¸wj D×vi Kiv m¤¢e bq G Kvi‡Y †h, †m¸‡jv cvKvevwo, iv¯ÍvNvU I
†¶ZLvgv‡ii g‡a¨ nvwi‡q †M‡Q| Z‡e AvÂwjKfv‡e ea¨f~wgi Ae¯’vb †_‡K g‡b nq Gi
msL¨v `k mnmªvwaKI n‡Z cv‡i| †Kbbv mviv †`‡k Aby‡jøL¨ i‡q‡Q A‡bK ea¨f~wg|
Z‡e gyw³hy‡×i NUbvcÖevn cÖKvk-cÖKvkbv I MÖš’bvi †¶‡Î †`‡ki `w¶YvÂj Lye †ewk
D‡cw¶Z|
e¯‘Z msL¨v w`‡q GKvˇii b„ksmZv I cvkweKZvi cwigvc MÖnY Kiv KwVb|
GLv‡b cÖwZwU g„Zz¨I cÖwZfvZ n‡q Av‡Q mn‡mªi cÖZxK iƒ‡c| †h exfrmZvi AeZviYv
K‡i Lywbiv wek¦we‡eK‡K ¯Íw¤¢Z K‡i w`‡q‡Q Zvi BwZnvm msi¶Y n‡q `uvwo‡q‡Q
gvbweKZvi `vq| ZvB mK‡ji `vwqZ¡ i‡q‡Q GKvˇii cÖ‡Z¨KwU MYnZ¨vi ¯§„wZfvl¨
ˆZwi I msi¶‡Y AvšÍwiK nIqv| eZ©gvb mg‡q `uvwo‡q AZx‡Zi NUbv‡K Rvb‡Z I
eyS‡Z n‡e fwel¨r wbg©v‡Yi Rb¨| fwel¨r cÖRb¥ †hb Abyfe Ki‡Z cv‡i ¯^vaxbZvi Rb¨
Kx g~j¨ cwi‡kva K‡i‡Q Zv‡`i c~e©cyiæl| †mw`K w`‡q GLbI Luy‡R bv cvIqv ea¨f~wg
Ges MYKei¸‡jv kbv³ Kiv LyeB Riæwi|
iv‡óªi kw³i †P‡q gvby‡li AvZ¥kw³i mw¤§jb I mvgvwRK kw³i RqMvb †M‡q‡Qb
iex›`ªbv_ Ges gnvZ¥v MvÜx| GRb¨ mvgvwRK kw³i ¶gZv‡K Kvh©Kix Kiv bvMwiK
mgv‡Ri cÖ_g Ges cÖavb KZ©e¨| GB KZ©e¨‡ev‡a †`‡ki cÖ‡Z¨KwU ea¨f~wg I MYKe‡i
¯§„wZdjK ev ¯Í¤¢ wbg©vY AZ¨šÍ Riæwi| Gfv‡e B‡Zvg‡a¨ eû ¯’v‡b ¯§„wZdjK wbwg©Z
n‡q‡Q| ZvB miKv‡ii gyLv‡c¶x bv n‡q GKvˇii ¯§„wZ msi¶‡Y bvMwiK mgvR‡KB
GwM‡q Avm‡Z n‡e|
gyw³hy‡×i Abycy•L BwZnvmÑ NUbvcÖevn, Z_¨-gvÎv BZ¨vw`i mgwó GLbI eû`~i|
AvÂwjKfv‡e, cÖ‡qvR‡b MÖvg‡K GKK wn‡m‡e MÖnY K‡i Gi PP©v n‡Z cv‡i| Avwg `xN©w`b
a‡i †gvsjv _vbvi gyw³hy‡×i Av‡`¨vcvšÍ Zz‡j Avb‡Z KvR KiwQ| Ôgyw³hy‡× †gvsjvÕ MÖš’
cÖYq‡bi j‡¶¨ `v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨vi wKQy e„ËvšÍ 2012 mvj †_‡K msMÖn K‡iwQ| Ô1971 :
MYnZ¨v-wbh©vZb wbN©È MÖš’gvjvÕ cÖK‡íi Rb¨ bZzb K‡i Z_¨msMÖn Ki‡Z wM‡q gy» n‡qwQ
gvby‡li AvšÍwiKZvq| GKB mv‡_ MYnZ¨v, wbh©vZb, ea¨f~wg m¤ú‡K© mK‡ji wKQyUv
†gŠbZvI j¶Yxq| Zviv g‡b K‡ib mswkøó weØrmgvR †_‡K Zviv wew”Qbœ Ges ¸iæZ¡nxb|
`xN© mg‡qi e¨eav‡b GB Kó¸‡jv‡K fy³‡fvMxiv ¯§„wZPvi‡Y Zz‡j ai‡Z Pvb bv| wbwe©Pv‡i
`v‡giLÐ MYnZ¨v
7
MYnZ¨vi cÖwZ gvbweK mnvbyf~wZ me mgq cvIqv hvqwb e‡j cÖZ¨¶`k©xivI nZvkv cÖKvk
K‡ib| A‡bK mgq ¯§„wZPviYvi we‡kl ch©v‡q mv¶vrKvi`vZv G‡ZvUv Av‡eMx n‡q c‡ob
†h cwiw¯’wZ n‡q c‡o †e`bvNb| g‡b nq GB K‡ói Av¸b KLbIB wbe©vwcZ n‡e bv|
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