# achemso.pdf.

achemso — Support for submissions to
American Chemical Society journals∗
Joseph Wright†
Released 2014/12/12
Abstract
The achemso bundle provides a LATEX class file and BibTEX style file in
accordance with the requirements of the American Chemical Society (acs).
The files can be used for any documents, but have been carefully designed
and tested to be suitable for submission to acs journals.
The bundle also includes the natmove package. This package is loaded
by achemso, and provides automatic moving of superscript citations after
punctuation.
Contents
4.6
1
Introduction
1 5
2
Installation
2
3
Requirements
2
4
The class file
4.1 Class options . . . . .
4.2 Manuscript meta-data
4.3 Floats . . . . . . . . . .
4.4 Section headers . . . .
4.5 Special sections . . . .
3
3
4
5
5
6
.
.
.
.
.
Miscellaneous commands
6
The package file
5.1 Package options . . . . .
5.2 Bibliography notes . . .
6
6
7
6
The BibTEX style files
7
7
The natmove package
8
8
Change History
9
9
Index
10 References
10
10
1 Introduction
Support for BibTEX bibliography following the requirements of the American
Chemical Society (acs), along with a package to make these easy to have been
available since version one of achemso. The re-write from version 1 to version
2 made a number of improvements to the package, and also added a number
of new features. However, neither version one nor version two of the package
was targeted directly at use for submissions to acs journals. This new release of
∗ This
file describes version v3.8m, last revised 2014/12/12.
joseph.wright@morningstar2.co.uk
† E-mail:
1
The bundle consists of four parts. The first is a LATEX 2ε class, intended for
use in submissions. It is based on the standard article class, but makes various
changes to facilitate ease of use. The second part is the LATEX package. The
package contains the parts of the bundle which are appropriate for use with other
document classes.1 Thirdly, two BibTEX style files are included. These are used
by both the class and the package, but can be used directly if desired. Finally, an
example document is included; this is intended to act a potential template for
submission, and illustrates the use of the class file.
2
Installation
The package is supplied in dtx format and as a pre-extracted zip file,
achemso.tds.zip. The later is most convenient for most users: simply unzip
this in your local texmf directory and run texhash to update the database of file
locations. If you want to unpack the dtx yourself, running tex achemso.dtx will
extract the package whereas latex achemso.dtx will extract it and also typeset
the documentation.
Typesetting the documentation requires a number of packages in addition
to those needed to use the package. This is mainly because of the number of
demonstration items included in the text. To compile the documentation without
error, you will need the packages:
• array
• booktabs
• hypdoc
• listings
• lmodern
• mathpazo
• microtype
3
Requirements
The achemso class requires the following packages:
• caption
• float
• geometery
• natbib
• setspace
• xkeyval
These are normally present in the current major TEX distributions, but are also
available from The Comprehensive TeX Archive Network.
1 For
example, when writing a thesis.
2
Journal
Setting
Journal
Setting
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces
ACS Chem. Biol.
ACS Catal.
Acc. Chem. Res.
ACS Chem. Neurosci.
ACS Combinatorial Sci.
ACS Macro Lett.
ACS Med. Chem. Lett.
ACS Nano
ACS Photon.
ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng.
ACS Synth. Biol.
Anal. Chem.
Biochemistry
Bioconjugate Chem.
Biomacromolecules
Chem. Res. Toxicol.
Chem. Rev.
Chem. Mater.
Cryst. Growth Des.
Energy Fuels
Environ. Sci. Technol.
Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett.
aamick
acbcct
accacs
achre4
acncdm
acsccc
amlccd
amclct
ancac3
apchd5
ascecg
asbcd6
ancham
bichaw
bcches
bomaf6
crtoec
chreay
cmatex
cgdefu
enfuem
esthag
estlcu
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.
Inorg. Chem.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
J. Chem. Eng. Data
J. Chem. Ed.
J. Chem. Inf. Model.
J. Chem. Theory Comput.
J. Med. Chem.
J. Nat. Prod.
J. Org. Chem.
J. Phys. Chem. A
J. Phys. Chem. B
J. Phys. Chem. C
J. Phys. Chem. Lett.
J. Proteome Res.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
Langmuir
Macromolecules
Mol. Pharm.
Nano Lett.
Org. Lett.
Org. Proc. Res. Dev.
Organometallics
iecred
inoraj
jafcau
jceaax
jceda8
jcisd8
jctcce
jmcmar
jnprdf
joceah
jpcafh
jpcbfk
jpccck
jpclcd
jprobs
jacsat
langd5
mamobx
mpohbp
nalefd
orlef7
oprdfk
orgnd7
Table 1: Values for journal option
4
The class file
The class file has been designed for use in submitting journals to the acs. It uses
all of the modifications described here (those in the package as well as those in
the class). The accompanying example manuscript can be used as a template for
the correct use of the class file. It is intended to act as a model for submission.
When submitting communications to J. Am. Chem. Soc., the class will automatically lay the document out in the publication style. This allows the author to
judge the length of text submitted more accurately. Changing the manuscript in
the demonstration document to communication will illustrate the effect.
4.1 Class options
journal
manuscript
The class supports a limited number of options, which are specifically-targeted at
submission. The class uses the keyval system for options, in the form key=value.
The most important option is journal. This is the name of the target journal for
the publication. The package is designed such that the choice of journal will set
up the correct bibliography style and so on. The journals currently recognised by
the package are summarised in Table 1. If an unknown journal is specified, the
package will fall-back on the journal=jacsat option.
The second option is the manuscript option. This specifies the type of paper
3
layout
email
in the manuscript. The values here are article, note, communication, review,
letter and perspective. The valid values will depend on the value of journal.
The manuscript option determines whether sections and an abstract are valid.
The value suppinfo is also available for supporting information.
The achemso class can produce drafts in two layout styles. The standard
setting for the layout option is traditional, which produces a double-spaced
single column manuscript. The alternative setting twocolumn will use single
spacing and print the text in two columns. The second option is obviously more
compact. If the journal requires a particular style this option may be ignored.
It may be desirable to omit e-mail addresses from the front page of a
manuscript. The printing of e-mail addresses can be disabled using the email
option, which takes Boolean values only. The default is to print e-mail addresses.
Notice that phone and fax numbers are only printed if e-mail addresses are
printed.
Other options are provided by the package, but when used with the class
these are silently ignored. If you need to override the settings chosen by the class,
inlcude the settings after the \documentclass line using \setkeys:
\documentclass[journal = jacsat]{achemso}
\setkeys{acs}{articletitle = true}
4.2 Manuscript meta-data
\author
\affiliation
\alsoaffiliation
\altaffiliation
\email
Inspired by REVTEX, the achemso class alters the method for adding author
information to the manuscript. Each author should be given as a separate \author
command. These should be followed by an \affiliation, which applies to the
preceding authors. The \affiliation macro takes an optional argument, for a
short version of the affiliation.2 At least one author should be followed by an
\email macro, containing contact details. All authors with an e-mail address are
automatically marked with a star. The example manuscript demonstrates the
use of all of these macros. Notice that \alsoaffiliation is used when one (or
more) authors work at multiple institutions, while \altaffiliation is intended
for previous addresses (or other notes). Only \affiliation applies to multiple
authors: both \alsoaffiliation and \altaffiliation are set on a per author
basis.
\author{Author Person}
\author{Second Bloke}
\email{second.bloke@some.place}
\affiliation[University of Sometown]
{University of Somewhere, Sometown, USA}
\altaffiliation
{Previous address: Minute University, Nowhereville, USA}
\author{Indus Trialguy}
\affiliation[SponsoCo]
\alsoaffiliation{University of Somewhere, Sometown, USA}
Repeated entries for \affiliation and \alsoaffiliation will result in only
2 This
will usually be the university or company name.
4
\altaffiliation entries only produce a single footnote, and can therefore be
used for entries such as
\author{First Coworker}
\altaffiliation{Contributed equally to this work}
\author{Second Coworker}
\altaffiliation{Contributed equally to this work}
\fax
\phone
if required.
The class will recognise the optional information \fax and \phone, which will
be printed along with the lead authors e-mail address. Note that this information
is only used for authors who have an e-mail address supplied.
\author{Second Bloke}
\email{second.bloke@some.place}
\phone{+xxx (0)yyy zzzzzz}
\fax{+xxx (0)yyy wwwwww}
\affiliation[University of Sometown]
{University of Somewhere, Sometown, USA}
\and
\thanks
\title
The method used for setting the meta-data means that the normal \and and
\thanks macros are not appropriate in the pkgachemso class. Both produce a
warning if used.
The \title macro is extended to accept an optional argument. This is
intended for a shortened version of the journal title suitable for running headers.
Some journals require that authors supply this data: if it is needed then it will be
printed in the appropriate place.
\title[Short running title]
{Long title which would not fit in running headers}
The meta-data items should be given in the preamble to the LATEX file, and
no \maketitle macro is required in the document body. This is all handled by
the class file directly. At least one author, affiliation and e-mail address must be
specified.
4.3 Floats
scheme
chart
graph
The class defines three new floating environments: scheme, chart and graph.
These can be used as expected to include graphical content. The placement of
these new floats and the standard table and figure floats is altered to be “here”
if possible. The contents of all floats is automatically horizontally centred on the
page.
\SectionNumbersOff
\SectionNumbersOn
\SectionsOff
\SectionsOn
\AbstractOff
\AbstractOn
Some journals have no section numbering by default. This can be set up in
the appropriate configuration file, but it may be that individual users need to
change the decision. The macros \SectionNumbersOff and \SectionNumbersOn
are therefore available: these should be given in the preamble.
More radically, the entire availability of sections can be turned on and of. This
is functionality is available to the user via the \SectionsOn and \SectionsOff
macros, which again are preamble-only. Similar functions are available for the
abstract: \AbstractOff and \AbstractOn.
5
4.5 Special sections
acknowledgement
suppinfo
The sections for acknowledgements and supporting information have dedicated
environments available. These ensure that the section headings are generated,
and that the text is sized corrected when using creating a Communication.
\begin{acknowledgement}
The authors thank A.N.~Other.
\end{acknowledgement}
\begin{suppinfo}
Full characterization data for all new compounds.
\end{suppinfo}
tocentry
For generating an entry for the graphical table of content, required by some
journals, the environment tocentry is available. This prints its content in an appropriately sized box on a separate page. In contrast to the rest of the manuscript,
this section is intended to be “print ready” in appearance.
\begin{tocentry}
\includegraphics{toc-entry-graphic}
Some text to explain the graphic.
\end{tocentry}
4.6 Miscellaneous commands
\latin
The command \latin is provided by the class to format Latin phrases such
as “et al.” Most ACS journals do not make these italic, but some (for example
ACS Nano) do. By providing a command, the formatting is left flexible.
5
The package file
The achemso package is independent of the classs file, and contains parts of the
bundle useful outside of submission to the acs.
5.1 Package options
super
articletitle
chaptertitle
As with the class options, the package uses the key–value method for option set
up. These are used to control the output of citations and bibliographic data. The
same options are used when creating journal configurations for the class: this is
a task most users will not need to undertake!
The super option affects the handling of superscript reference markers. The
option switches this behaviour on and off (and takes Boolean values: super=true
and super=false are valid).
The articletitle option is a Boolean, and sets whether the title of a paper
referenced appears in the bibliography. The default is articletitle=false for
the achemso style and articletitle=true for the biochem style.
The option boolean chaptertitle option is provided to allow flexibility for
the inclusion of chapter titles for book and related entries. The standard setting
is false: setting it to true will cause chapter titles to be included.
6
etalmode
maxauthors
Many journals require that long lists of authors are shortened using ‘et al.’
in the references section. The behaviour of the BibTEX styles in this regard is
controlled by two options, etalmode and maxauthors. There are two possible
ways to shorten a long list of authors. Some journals require that only the first
author is given, followed by ‘et al.’: for this behaviour, set etalmode=firstonly:
Jones, A.N. et al.
On the other hand, some journals request that the list of authors is truncated
after n authors. This is set up by the etalmode=truncate option:
Jones, A.N.; Bloggs, F.; Nobacon, D. et al.
biblabel
biochem
biochemistry
In both cases, the maximum number of authors permitted before introducing ‘et
al.’ is governed by the maxauthors option. This option recognises the sentinel
value 0, which indicates that no shortening should occur at all.
Redefining the formatting of the numbers used in the bibliography usually
requires modifying internal LATEX macros. The biblabel option makes these
changes more accessible: valid values are plain (use the number only), brackets
(surround the number in brackets) and period or fullstop (follow the number
by a full stop/period).
Most acs journals use the same bibliography style, with the only variation
being the inclusion of article titles. However, a small number of journals use a
rather different style; the journal Biochemistry is probably the most prominent.
The biochemistry or biochem option uses the style of Biochemistry for the bibliography, rather than the normal acs style. For this style, the articletitle=true
option is the default.3
5.2 Bibliography notes
\bibnote
\bibnotemark
\bibnotetext
achemso provides the \bibnote macro. This is intended for addition of notes
to the bibliography (references). The macro accepts a single argument, which is
transferred to the bibliography by BibTEX. In analogy to \footnote, the macros
\bibnotemark and \bibnotetext are available for dividing up the marker for a
note from the text.
Some text \bibnote{This note text will be in the bibliography}.
Some text. 1
The functionality for bibnotes in achemso is based on that in the notes2bib
package. The notes2bib package can be loaded with the achemso package, and
no clash will occur. With the class file, notes2bib will be ignored if requested, to
prevent issues on submission to the acs.
6
The BibTEX style files
achemso is supplied with two style files, achemso.bst and biochem.bst. The direct use of these without the achemso package file is not recommended, but is pos-
sible. The style files can be loaded in the usual way, with a \bibliographystyle
3 More accurately, the default built into the BibT X style file is to use article titles with the
E
Biochemistry style.
7
command. The natbib package must be loaded by the LATEX file concerned, if the
achemso package is not in use.
The style files are designed to use the mciteplus package if it is available, but
to work even if is not. When mciteplus is present, it is possible to automatically
produce references of the form
(5) (a) Arduengo, A. J., III; Dias, H. V. R.; Harlow, R. L.; Kline, M. J. Am.
Chem. Soc. 1992, 114, 5530–5534; (b) Appelhans, L. N.; Zuccaccia, D.;
Kovacevic, A.; Chianese, A. R.; Miecznikowski, J. R.; Macchioni, A.;
Clot, E.; Eisenstein, O.; Crabtree, R. H. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127,
16299–16311; (c) Arduengo, A. J., III; Gamper, S. F.; Calabrese, J. C.;
Davidson, F. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1994, 116, 4391–4394.
as demonstrated in the example document. When mciteplus is not present, this
functionality is not available but the style files will work normally.
The BibTEX style files implement the bibliographic style specified by the acs
in The ACS Style Guide. 2 By default, article titles are not included in output using
the achemso.bst file, but are with the biochem.bst file.
The style used by the acs does not differentiate between BibTEX book, inbook,
collection and incollection entries. As a result, the appearance of these
entry types depends on the fields available. Named subdivisions of a book (for
example, chapters where each has a named author) should be given in the title
field, with the title of the book itself in the booktitle field. The chapter field
should be used for a chapter number, and is printed as part of the pagination.
One frequently asked question is why some people see an empty first item
in their bibliography when using the achemso package or class. This is usually
because they have downloaded the LATEX files and done a local installation
without also updating the BibTEX style. The two must be from the same version
of achemso: they are designed to work together.
7
The natmove package
The natmove package does only one job. It brings the ability to move punctuation
after citations, using code borrowed from the cite package. Both the achemso
class and package load natmove automatically.
Some text \cite{Coghill2006} some more text.\\
Some text ending a sentence \cite{Coghill2006}.
Some text 2 some more text.
Some text ending a sentence. 2
This is deactivated for other citation types.
Some text \citeyear{Coghill2006}.\\
Some text \citeauthor{Coghill2006}.\\
Some text \citenum{Coghill2006}.
Some text 2006.
Some text Coghill and Garson.
Some text 2.
The package does nothing if the super option has not been given to natbib. This
means that the source can be written without needing to decide where citations
will to appear, with the super option for natbib controlling the result.
8
\natmovechars
One user macro is provided: \natmovechars. This contains the characters
which are moved before superscript punctuation. The default contents is ,;:.
and can be set using \renewcommand*:
\renewcommand*{\natmovechars}{.}
Some text \cite{Coghill2006},
more text \cite{Coghill2006}.
Some text 2 , more text. 2
8
Change History
v1.0
General: Initial release of package
by Mats Dahlgren . . . . . . . . . . .
v2.0
General: Re-write of package by
Joseph Wright . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v3.0
General:
v3.1
General:
\alsoaffiliation
macro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v3.2
General:
1
New tocentry section . . . . . . . .
v3.2b
General: New email option . . . . . .
v3.2c
General: Added \fax macro . . . . .
Added \phone macro . . . . . . . .
Fix so that email option is turned
on by default . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v3.3
General: \altaffiliation macro
checks for duplicate entries and
uses only one footnote . . . . . . .
New layout option . . . . . . . . . .
v3.3a
General: New etalmode option . . .
v3.4
General: More detail on installation
Require cleveref, dropping varioref
use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v3.5
General: New BibTEX style file . . . .
v3.5a
General: Modify JACS Communication to print abstract . . . . . . . . .
v3.5c
General: Bug fix for \mciteSubRef
macro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Update Org. Lett. style . . . . . . . .
v3.6
General: Drop cleverref use . . . . . .
v3.7
General: New chaptertitle option
for bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rename usetitle option to
articletitle . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v3.8
General: Extend journal list to current ACS range . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduce \latin command to
support ACS Nano requirements
v3.8a
General: Minor style improvements
for some journals . . . . . . . . . . .
v3.8b
General: Improve output ordering
for J. Phys. Chem. Lett. . . . . . . . .
v3.8c
General: Improve ACS Photonics
style . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v3.8d
General: Fix bug in keyword printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v3.8e
General: Minor style changes for
J. Med. Chem.
and ACS
Appl. Mater. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v3.8g
General: Fix issue with J. Phys. Chem.
formatting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v3.8i
General: Fix issue with Chem. Res.
Toxicol. formatting . . . . . . . . . . .
v3.8j
General: Remove Biotechnol. Prog.
configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Update article title requirements
for all journals . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Update keyword requirements for
all journals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
9
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
v3.8k
General: Format date correctly for
in press bibliography entries . . . 1
9
v3.8l
General: Fix printing of phone/fax
numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Index
Numbers written in italic refer to the page where the corresponding entry is
described; numbers underlined refer to the code line of the definition; numbers
in roman refer to the code lines where the entry is used.
A
\AbstractOff . . . . . . . .
\AbstractOn . . . . . . . .
acknowledgement (environment) . . . . .
\affiliation . . . . . . . .
\alsoaffiliation . . . .
\altaffiliation . . . . .
\and . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
articletitle (option) .
\author . . . . . . . . . . . .
B
biblabel (option) . . . .
\bibnote . . . . . . . . . .
\bibnotemark . . . . . . .
\bibnotetext . . . . . . .
biochem (option) . . . .
biochemistry (option)
.
.
.
.
.
.
5
5
6
4
4
4
5
6
4
7
7
7
7
7
7
C
chaptertitle (option) . 6
chart (environment) . . . 5
E
\email . . . . . . . . . . .
email (option) . . . . .
environments:
acknowledgement
chart . . . . . . . . .
10
graph . . . . . .
scheme . . . . .
suppinfo . . .
tocentry . . .
etalmode (option)
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
5
5
6
6
7
F
\fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
G
graph (environment) . . . 5
J
journal (option)
..... 3
L
\latin . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
layout (option) . . . . . . 4
M
manuscript (option) . . . 3
maxauthors (option) . . . 7
N
\natmovechars . . . . . . . 9
.. 4
.. 4
O
.. 6
.. 5
options:
articletitle . . . . . 6
biblabel . . . . . . . . 7
biochem . . . .
biochemistry
chaptertitle
email . . . . . .
etalmode . . .
journal . . . .
layout . . . . .
manuscript .
maxauthors .
super . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
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.
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.
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.
.
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.
.
7
7
6
4
7
3
4
3
7
6
P
\phone . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
S
scheme (environment) . .
\SectionNumbersOff . .
\SectionNumbersOn . . .
\SectionsOff . . . . . . . .
\SectionsOn . . . . . . . .
super (option) . . . . . . .
suppinfo
(environment) . . . . . . . .
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
T
\thanks . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
\title . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
tocentry
(environment) . . . . . . . . 6
References
[1] This note text will be in the bibliography.
[2] Coghill, A. M., Garson, L. R., Eds. The ACS Style Guide, 3rd ed.; Oxford
University Press, Inc. and The American Chemical Society: New York, 2006.
10

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