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ae-¶c Hm¿Ø-tUm-Ivkv kzX{¥ kpdn-bm\n k`-bpsS apJ-]{Xw
“hnip-≤-∑m¿°v Hcn-°-em-bn´v `c-ta-ev]n-®n-cn-°p∂ hnizm-k-Øn-\p-th≠n t]mcm-tS-≠-Xn-\p....” (bqZm :
Vol No.X
Issue No. 12
4 Pages
PUBLISHED FROM AMAYANNOOR - KOTTAYAM
8 DECEMBER 2014
]utcm-lnXyw hgn-sX-‰p-tºmƒ tbip sIm√-s∏-Sp∂p: ]. ImtXm-en°m _mh
tamdm≥ am¿ _tk-en-tbmkv ]utemkv ZznXo-b≥ ImtXm-en-°-_mh
]cn-ip≤ ]cp-ae Xncp-ta-\n-bpsS 112˛mw
ssZhZ¿i\w D≠m- I p- t ºm- g mWv
Hm¿Ω s]cp-∂mfnt\m-S-\p-_-‘n®v ]. _tk- XßfpsS Ipd- h p- I sf kw_- ‘ n®
en-tbmkv am¿tØmΩm ]utemkv ZznXn-b≥ DƒImgvN e`n-°p-∂X
- v. a‰p≈ sshZoI KWImtXm-en°m _mhm hnip≤ Ip¿∫m\ at≤y Øn-te°v hnc¬ Nq≠msX _mhm Xncp-ta\n
\¬Inb {]kw-K-Øns‚ DƒIm-ºmWv Xe- X∂n-te°p Xs∂ t\m°n \mep {][m\
hm-N-Iw.
tcmK- ß ƒ shfns∏- S p- Ø p- ∂ p. H∂m- a Xv
sk‚v PqUv Zbdm ÿm]n-X-am-bn´v ]Øp h¿jw XnI-™p.
2004 \hw-_¿ 26 ˛\v tIm´bw Aa-b-∂q¿ F∂ ÿeØv bqZm «olm-bpsS \maØn¬ Hcp tZhm-ebw ÿm]n-°W
- s- a∂ B{K-lØ
- n¬ hmßn-®n-cp∂ ÿeØv I√n-´p. ssZh
Ir]-bmepw hnip≤ bqZm-«o-lm-bpsS i‡-amb a≤y-ÿ-X-bmepw F√m {]Xn-_-‘-ß
- -sfbpw
XcWw sNbvXp at\m-l-c-amb Hcp tZhm-e-b-ambn hf¿∂v \m´p Im¿°p -A-`n-am-\-ambn
amdnbncn-°p-∂p. ssZh-Øn\v \µnbpw kvtXm{Xhpw A¿∏n-°p-∂p. C∂v Cu at\m-lc tZhmebw Hcp CS-h-I-bmbn {]h-Øn-°p-∂-tXm-sSm∏w sk‚v PqUv Zb-dm-bn¬ F√m sh≈n-bmgvNbpw sshIn´v 5 aWn apX¬ 7.30 hsc [ym\ {]kw-Khpw tcmK-im-¥n- ip-{iq-i-jbpw \S°p-∂p. F√m-am-khpw c≠mw i\n-bmgvN cmhnse 9.30 apX¬ sshIn´v 4 aWn hsc D]-hmk-{]m¿∞-\-bpw, DW¿∆v {]kw-K-ß-fpw, tcmK-im¥n ip{iq-j-Ifpw \S-°p-∂p. [mcmfw hnizmkn-Iƒ Cu Bflob ]cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ kw_-‘n®v A\p-{Klw {]m]n-°p-∂p F∂p ImWpIbpw tIƒ°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xn¬ ssZhsØ al-Xz-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.
dh. ^m. tUm. sI. ‰n. amØp-°p´n: {InkvXob
kvt\l-Øns‚ DØa DZm-l-cWw tdmbn tPm¿Pv Hma-√q¿
]Ø-\w-Xn-´, ssI∏-´p¿ sk‚v Ct·-jykv Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv ]≈n hnIm-cn- d-h. tUm. sI. ‰n.
amØp-°p-´n-b-®≥ {In-kvXob kvt\l-Øns‚ DØa DZm-l-c-W-am-bn amdn. ae-¶-c-Hm¿ØtUmIvkv k` hmgn® tamkkv tam¿ tk-th-dn-tbmkv (Kp¿Km≥) Xncp-ta-\n-bn¬\n∂pw taev]-´ÿm\w kzoI-cn® tUm. amXyqkv am¿ {KotKm-dn-tbmkv Xncp-ta-\n-sb -Du-jva-f-amb kvt\l
_lp-am-\-tØmsS kzoI-cn®v Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`-bnse a‰p sshZo-I-tcm-sSm∏w Hcp ac-Wm\¥-c -ip-{iq-jbv°p t\XrXzw sImSp-°p-h≥ Ah-kcw krjvSn® _lp. amØp-°p´n A®≥
F¥p-sIm≠pw A`n-\µ
- \w A¿-ln°p-∂p. {KntKm-dn-tbmkv Xncp-ta-\nsbsIm≠v {]m¿∞-\bv°v
t\XrXzw sImSp-∏n-°p-∂p, [q]-{]m¿∞\ \S-Øn-∏n-°p-∂p, IqSmsX Bizmk hN-\-߃
{]kw-Kn-°p-hm-\pw- A-h-kcw sImSp-ØXv «mL-\o-b-sa∂p am{X-a√ PmXn aX t`Z-at\y CXp
I≠p\n∂ ssI∏-´q-cnse ]ucm-hen _lp-am-\-s∏´ amØp-°p´n A®s‚ {]hr-Ønsb
hmt\mfw ]pI-gvØn. Cu ssZhoI {]h¿Øn-bn-eqsS {KotKm-dn-tbmkv Xncp-ta-\n°p In´nb
BZ-c-hns‚ \qdv Cc´n AwKo-Im-chpw A`n\-µ\-ßfpw hµy amØp-°p´n A®\v e`n-®n-cn°p∂p F∂-XmWv hmkvX-hw. \√ Hcp ssZh ]pcp-j-\p- am-{Xta C{]-Imcw Nn¥n-°p-hm\pw
{]hr-Øn-°p-h\pw km[n-°-bp≈p F∂-XmWv Gh-cp-sSbpw A`n-{]m-bw.
Rm≥ Id-Xo¿∂ Hcp Hm¿Ø-tUm-Ivkp-Im-c\
- mWv. Fs∂-t∏m-se-bp-≈h
- ¿ Nn¥n-°p-∂Xpw
B{K-ln-°p-∂-Xp-amb {]hr-Øn-bm-Wv. hµy amØp-°p´n A®≥ {]ISam°n-b-Xv. ]Ø-\w-Xn´
ImtXm-en-t°‰v tImtf-Pn¬ Zo¿L-Imew s{]m^-k-dmbpw XpS¿∂v {]n≥kn-∏-embpw {]hr-Øn®
A\p-`h
- k
- º
- Øpw hnim-el
- r-Zb
- hpw ssZh-kvt\-lh
- p-amWv A®s‚ ssIap-X¬. k`sb i‡ns∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥ C{]-Im-c-ap≈ ssZhoI {]hr-Øn-Iƒ klm-b-I-am-Ipw. A®\v Hcm-bncw
Biw-k-Iƒ!
F√m-h¿°pw
{InkvXp-akv
]pXp-h-’-c
B-iw-k-Iƒ
Xt±-hqkv
Thadevus
w w w. Thadevoos. org
Bflob Po¿Æ-X-bpw, c≠m-aXv A®-S°
cmln-Xyhpw aq∂m-aXv A[n-Im-c-tam-l-hpw,
\mem-aXv A`n-{]mb`n∂-Xb
- p-am-Wv. ]cn-ip-≤mflmhv Hcp-hs‚ ta¬ Bh-kn°p-tºm-gmWv
C∆Æw Xpd∂p ]d-bp-hm≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xv.
AsX, ]cn-ip≤ ImtXm-en°m _tk-en-tbmkv
]utemkv ZznXn-b≥ _mhm-bpsS Bflo-b-XbpsS Bgw h¿≤n-®n-cn-°p-∂X
- ns‚ {]I-Shpw
{]Xy-£h
- p-amb DZm-lc- W
- a- mWv ]cn-ip-≤m-flmhn¬ \nd™p \n∂p sIm≠p≈ At±-lØns‚ shfn-s∏-Sp-ج. ImewsNbvX tUm.
tXmakv am¿ a°m-dn-tbmkv Xncp-ta-\n-bpsS
hm°p-Iƒ t]cv shfn-s∏-Sp-ØmsX At±lw
]d-™-Xv. “_p≤n-bp-≈-h¿°v `‡n-bn√
`‡n-bp-≈-h¿°v _p≤n-bn-√ CXp-c≠pw
F\n-°n-√”. F{X lrZbkv]n¿°mb hm°pI-fmWv ].-_mhm `‡n-bn¬ \nd-™p-\n∂v
shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv.
“]cn-ip≤ ]cp-ae Xncp-ta\n ssZhsØ
]d-™p-Xc- n-Ib
- m-bn-cp∂n√ ]I¿∂p Xcn-Ib
- mbn-cp∂p” F∂v _mhm Xncp-ta\n hy‡-am°p-tºmƒ ]ptcm-lnX h¿§w ssZhsØ
km[m-cWIm¿°p ]I¿∂p sImSp-°Ww
F∂p hy‡am°p-∂p. ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂Xpw, ]I¿∂p- sIm-Sp-°p-∂-Xpw- c≠pw c≠mWv. \ΩpsS ]´-°mcpw taev]´- °
- m-cp-sams°
ssZh-sØ-°p-dn®v [mcmfw ]d™p sImSp°p- ∂ - h - c m- W v , ]Tn- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ - h - c m- W v AXv
{InkvXobPohnXwA√. ]d-™p sImSp°pI
F∂Xv _p≤n-]-c-amb Hcp {]{In-b-bm-Wv.
ssZh-sØ-]-I¿∂p sImSp-°pI F∂p ]dbp-∂Xv PohXw sIm≠pff {]{InbbmWv.
AXm-Wv ]cn-ip-≤]
- c- p-ae Xncp-ta\n \n¿∆-ln®-sX∂v _mhm Hm¿Ωn-∏n-®p.
Hcp k`sb kw_-‘n-®n-St- Ømfw sshZnI- K-W-amWv hnip≤ Pohn-X-Øns‚ Dd-hnSw.
sshZoI KW-Øn\v Fhn-sS-sb-¶nepw hgnsX-‰n-bm¬ AXv henb A]-I-S-am-sW∂v ].
_mh Hm¿Ωn- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ p. DZm- l - c - W - a mbn
l∂mkv, Iøm-^mhv F∂o alm-]p-tcm-ln-X-
∑m-cpsS KqUm-tem-N-\-sIm≠mWvv tbip{InkvXp sIm√-s∏-´-Xv. ]utcmlnXyw hgn-sX‰n-bm¬ tbip{InkvXp sIm√-s∏Spw. \n›bw.
ae-¶c Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`-bn¬ ]utcmlnXyw hgn-sX-‰n-bn-cn-°p∂p F∂ [z\n-bmWv
]. _mhm-bpsS lrZ-bm-¥¿`m-KØp \n∂pw
\n¿K-an® {]kw-KØ
- ns‚ A¥-kØ
- . ae-¶c
Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`-bpsS i‡n timj-WØn\pw XZzmc ae-¶c k`bv°p am{X-am-bn
Ah-Im-is- ∏´ ÿm\-am-\ß
- ƒ a‰p k`m hn`mK-߃ t\Sn-sb-Sp-°p-∂-Xn\pw ImcWw
]ptcm-lnX h¿§-Øns‚ hgn sX‰n-bp≈
bm{X-bpsS ^e-am-Wv. Cu kXyw F{Xbpw
thKw Xncn- ® - d n™v ]ptcm- l n- X hrµw
{InkvXp-hns‚ ]mX ]n≥]‰n hnip≤ PohnX-Øn-te°v Hcp Xncn-®p-h-c-hn\pw I¿Ømhns\ ]d™p sImSp- ° p- ∂ - X n- t \- ° mƒ
]I¿∂p sImSp-°p-∂-h-cm-I-W-sa∂pw ]._mh B-{K-ln-°p-∂p, Blzm\w sNøp∂p!
]cn-ip≤ ImtXm-en° ]utemkv ZznZnb≥
_mh Hcp bYm¿∞ Bflob Kpcp-hmbn amdnb-Xns‚ {]Xn-^e
- \
- a- m-Wv, C{]-Im-ca- p≈ At±l-Øns‚ hm°p-Iƒ. ]cn-ip-≤m-flmhv At±lsØ ]q¿Æ-ambn cq]m-¥-c-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn°p∂p Cu ]. ]nXm-hn¬ D≠mb henb cq]m¥-cw Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`m t\Xr-Xz-tØbpw,
hnizm-kn-Is- fbpw Bflob \nd-hn-te-°p hgn
\S-ØpI Xs∂ sNøpw. ]cn ip-≤m-flmhv
Hm¿Ø- t UmIv k v k`- b n¬ \n∂pw hn´p
t]mbn´n-√. AXv i‡am-bn-k-`bn¬ hym]-cn°p-∂p. AXmWv ]. _mh-bn-eqsS shfn-∏Sp-∂-Xv.
Xt±-hqkv
]. ImtXm- e n°m _mhm- b psS
{]kwKw AsX-]Sn {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°phm≥ ÿe-]c- n-anXnaqew Ign-bm-ØX
- n¬
tJZn-°p-∂p. {]kw-K-Øns‚ Bibw
am{X-amWv CXn¬ DƒsIm-≈n-®n-cn-°p∂-Xv. -˛ FUn-‰¿
alm]ptcm-lnX ktµ-iw
XymKw \nd™ kvt\lw kz¿§o-b-amWv
I¿Øm-hn¬ hmXvk-ey-ap-≈-h-sc,
kz¿§ob kpJw ]cn-Xy-Pn®v I√fmhn¬ `qPmXw sNbvX tbip \n¿Ω-e-amb kvt\lØn-t‚bpw XymK-Øn-t‚bpw {]Xo-I-am-Wv. kvt\l-Øns‚ thKw hf-cp-hm≥ XymK-Øn¬
Gsd Xmg-s∏-S-Ww. kz¿§m[n kz¿§-ß-fn¬ HXp-ßmØ hN-\amw ssZhw thj-Øn¬
a\p-jy-\mbn Ffn-a-bn¬ FØn-b-Xv -Xym-K-Øn-eqsS ssZhkvt\lw shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm-\mbn-cp-∂p. DØ-a-amb kvt\l-Øns‚ A\-ev]-amb B\µw XymK-Øn-eqsS am{Xta e`n-°bp-≈p.
kz¿§-Øn-te-°p≈ hgn bmYm¿∞y-ambn amdp-∂Xv XymKw G‰p-hm-ßp-tºmƒ am{X-amWv. a‰p-≈-h¿ \sΩ ]cn-l-kn-°p-tºmƒ, apdn-s∏-Sp-Øp-tºmƒ thZ\ \evIp-tºmƒ \mw
Ah-tcmSp \µn ImWn-°W
- w. ImcWw AXv \ΩpsS Pohn-XsØ Bflob i‡n-D≈Xm°pIbpw ssZhoI IncWw At\z-jn®v AXn-te°v BI¿jn°p-Ibpw sNøpw. XymKw kln°p-hm\pw, G‰p-hm-ßp-hm-\pw- c‡w apdn-∏m-Sp-I-fn-eqsS No¥p-hm\pw th≠ kz¿§ob
kvt\l-Øns‚ alXzw shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm\pw AXv \sΩ klm-bn-°pI Xs∂ sNøpw.
{Inkvakv ssZhnI kvt\l-Øns‚ henb shfn-s∏-Sp-Ø-em-Wv. tbip {InkvXp {]Xn\n-[m\w sNøp∂ kvt\l {]]-©-Øns‚ BWn°√v XymKw BWv. s]‰-Ω-bpsS XymKw
˛A-XmWv ssZh-kvt\-lw. tbip-{In-kvXp-hns‚ P\-\-Øn-eqsS shfn-s∏-Sp∂ XymKhpw
AXp-X-s∂-bm-Wv biø {]h-N\w 66 s‚ 13 ˛¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xp-t]mse AΩ Biz-kn-∏n°p-∂-Xp-t]mse Rm≥ \nßsf Biz-kn-∏n-°pw Hc-Ω-sb-t∏mse ssZhw \sΩ Icp-Xp∂p. kvt\ln-°p∂p. AXn-\m-emWv btlm-h-bmb ssZhw Xs‚ GI-Pm-X-\mb ]p{Xs\
c‡w Nn¥p-hm\pw XymKw kln-°p-hm-\pw, \Ωƒ°p-th-≠n -tem-I-Øn-te°v Ab-®Xv.
ssZh-kv\-l-Øns‚bpw XymK-Øn-t‚bpw DØa DZm-l-c-amWv {Inkva-kv.
{Inkva-kns‚ bYm¿∞ A¿∞w DƒsIm-≈p-hm\pw AXp a\- n-em°n Pohn-°phm\pw hnizw \bn-°p∂ PK¬ ]nXmhv \ap°v th≠ ⁄m\hpw ]Iz-Xbpw \evIs´
F∂v {]m¿∞-n°p∂p. {Inkva v Biw-k-I-tfmsS
I¿Øm-hn¬ \nß-fpsS {KntKm-dn-tbmkv sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØ
Email:- Thadevoosnews@gmail.com
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t]Pv 2 Xt±-hqkv
Thadevus 8 December 2014 Page 2
8 Unkw-_¿ 2014
bmt°m-_mb k`-bp-ambn am¿tØmΩm k` ASp-°p-∂p:
Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`-bp-ambn AI-ep∂p
ae-¶c k`m ]mc-ºc- y-Øn¬ ktlm-Zc- o- k-`I- fmbn {]h¿Øn-®p-hc- p∂ ae-¶c Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv
Vol : 10
F
Un
t‰m
dn
b
¬
Issue No. 12
8 DECEMBER 2014
ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØ ]Zhn
B¿s°√mw Ah-Imis∏Smw!
ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØ F∂ A[n-Imc ÿm\w ]cn-ip≤ At¥ymJym ]m{Xnb¿°okn¬ \n∂pw- ae¶c kpdn-bm\n k`bv°p e`n-®n-´p-≈-Xm-Wv. Cu ÿm\w C∂v
\ne-\n¬°p-∂Xv ae¶c Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`-bpsS ImtXm-en°m _mh-bn-em-Wv.
Imt\m-\n-I-hpw, ]mc-º-cy-hpw kp{]ow tImSXn hn[n-Ifpw AXns\ km[q-I-cn-°p∂p.
AXn-\m¬ ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØ F∂ ]Zhn ae-¶c Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`bv°p
am{Xw Ah-Im-i-s∏-´Xpw, Imem-Im-e-ß-fmbn \ne-\n¿Øn-h-cp-∂-Xp-am-Ip-∂p. ae-¶c
Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv kpdn-bm\n k`-bpsS `c-W-L-S-\-bn¬ AXv hy‡-am-°p-∂p. IqSmsX ae¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØ F∂ A[n-Imc ]Z-hnbpw ImtXm-en°m _mhmbpsS Bflob A[nIm-chpw th¿Xn-cn®v 1958 ˛se Ncn-{X-{]-kn-≤-amb kp{]ow tImSXn ASn-h-c-bn´v tcJ-s∏-SpØn-bn-´p-≈-Xp-am-Wv. 1995 ˛se k`m tIkns‚ hn[nbn¬ 1934 ˛se k`m `c-W-L-S\ Hcn°¬ IqSn AwKo-I-cn-®p. AXn-\m¬ Hm¿°pI ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØ F∂ ]Zhn ae-¶c
Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`-bpsS sa{Xm≥am¿°p am{Xw Ah-Im-i-s∏-´-Xpw- AXv B¿°v sImSp°-W-sa∂v Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`-bpsS ]cn-ip≤ kp∂-l-tZmkv Xocp-am-\n-°p-∂Xpw AXv
ae-¶c Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ AwKo-Ic- n-t°-≠Xpw BIp-∂p. Hm¿°pI ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØm
]Zhn CXc {InkvXob kaq-l-߃°v D]-tbm-Kn-°p-hm≥ bmsXmcp \nb-am-h-Im-ihpw
C√m-ØXpw BIp-∂p.
]t£ Ct∏mƒ \mep-Im-ipw, ÿm]-\-ßfpw Ipsd hnizm-kn-Ifpw Ds≠-∂p≈ Al¶m-c-Øn-em-hWw ae-¶c Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`-bn¬ \n∂pw ]ncn™p t]mb Hcp {InkvXob
kaq-l-Øns‚ tae-≤y-£\v ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØm F∂ ssS‰n¬ IqSn thW-sa∂pw
AXv kzbw UnIvf-b¿ sNbvXp F∂pw tIƒ°p-∂p. AXns‚ hcpw-h-cm-bva-Iƒ t_m[yam-Im-\p≈ ]IzX At±-l-Øn-\p-s≠-∂mWv Xt±-hq-kns‚ hnizm-kw.
kΩ-Xn-°p-∂p. BZna ae¶c {InkvXym-\n-I-fpsS ]n≥ XpS¿®-°m-sc-bm-Wv ae-¶c
\{km-Wn-Iƒ F∂v ]gb \q‰m-≠n¬ Adn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂-Xv. 1653˛ ¬ ae-¶c \{km-Wn-Iƒ
c≠mbn ]ncn-™p˛ ]g-b-Ip-‰p-Im-cpw, ]pØ≥Ip-‰p-Im-cpw. ]g-b-Ip-‰p-Imsc tdma≥ ItØmen-°-sc∂pw, ]pXnb Ip‰p-Imsc ae-¶c bmt°m_mb k`-sb-∂pw- ]n-∂oSv Adn-b-s∏´p.
ae-¶-c-bn¬ BsI D≠mbncp∂ 114 ]≈n-I-fn¬ 82 ]≈n-Iƒ ImtXm-en°m k`-bn¬ tN¿∂t∏mƒ _m°n-bp≈ 32 ]≈n-Iƒ am{X-am-Wv ae-¶c k`-bn¬ ASn-bp-d®p \n∂Xv. ae-¶c
k`sb `cn-°p-hm≥ a¿tØmΩm H∂m-as\ sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂Xpw XpS¿∂v At¥ymJym
k`-bp-am-bp≈ Bflo-bhpw `c-W]
- c- h
- p-amb _‘w hy‡-am-°p-∂ Ncn-{X-amWv \mw ImWp∂-Xv. At¥ym-Jy≥ ]m{Xn-b¿°okns‚ t\cn-´p≈ `cW koa-bn-em-bn-cp∂ ae-¶c kpdnbm\n k`-bpsS a¿tØmΩ Bdm-a\v (am¿ Zoh-∂n-bm-kn-tbmkv H∂m-a-\v) \evInb A[n-Imc
]Z-hn-bmWv ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØm F∂ ssS‰n¬,
ae-¶c bmt°m-_mb kpdn-bm\nk`-bn¬ \n∂pw Nne {]tXyI kml-N-cy-Øn¬ amdn\n∂v kzX-{¥-ambn {]h¿Øn® k`-bmWv sXmgn-bq¿ k` AYhm ae-_m¿ kzX{¥ kpdnbm\n k`. sXmgn-bq¿k`bpsS InS-ß≥ am¿ ^ne-Ivkn-t\mkv 1816˛ ¬ ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏meo-Ø-bm-hp-Ibpw 1817 \hw-_¿ amkw hsc ae-¶c kpdn-bm\n k`sb `cn-°bpw sNbvXp.
am{X-a√ tN∏mSv B™n-en-aq-´n¬ ^nen-t∏mkv IØ-\msc Znh-∂ym-kn-tbmkv \mem-a-\mbn
hmgn-®Xpw sXmgn-bq¿ k`-bpsS am¿ ^ne-Ivkn-t\m-km-Wv. ae-¶c kpdn-bm\n {InkvXym-\n-IfpsS Hcp sNdnb `mK-am-bncn°p∂ sXmgn-bq¿ k`-bv°mWv ae-¶c sa{Xmt∏meoØm
F∂ ÿm\w H∂m-a-Xmbn Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sm-\p-≈-Xv.
ae-¶c kpdn-bm\n k`-bn¬ c≠m-a-Xp-≠mb {][m\ ]nf¿∏m-bn-cp∂p 1836 ¬ a√-∏-≈nbn¬ cq]-s∏´ Bw•n-°≥k`. AXn-\m¬ Ch¿°pw ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØ ÿm\w
Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sm-at√m! \ho\ {]ÿm\w cq]-s∏-´-Xns‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ -A-SpØ hn`-P-\-ambn-cp-∂p.˛ ae-¶c kpdn-bm\n k`-bn¬ \n∂pw am¿tØmΩm kpdn-bm\n k` cq]-s∏-´-Xv.
]me-°p∂Øv G{_lmw IØ-\m¿ ]g-b-sk-an-\mcn A≤ym-]-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. Ct±-l-amWv
ae-¶c kpdn-bm\n k`-bn¬ \ho-I-cW {]ÿm-\-Øn\v Bcw`w Ipdn-®-Xv. AXn-\m¬ A∂p≠m-bn-cp∂ ae-¶-c-sa-{Xm-t∏m-eoØ (Hcp sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØ am{X-amWv A∂v k`-bv°p-≈Xv )
am¿ Zoh-∂m-kn-tbmkv a¬∏ms\ apS°n. \ho-I-cW {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ hf¿®-°p-th-≠n
F{_lmw a¬∏m≥ Xs‚ A\-¥-c-h-\mb ]me-°p-∂Øv amXyqkv siΩm-is\ kndn-b-bnte°v Ab-®p. ae-¶c k`-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ cq£amb {]iv\-ßfpw At¥ym-Jy-tbm-Sp≈
tami-amb kao-]-\hpw IW-°n-se-SpØv ]: ]m{Xn-b¿°okv _mh kabw X°-Øn\v D]tbm-Kn-®p.- H-scm‰ Znhkw sIm≠v amXyqkv siΩm-is\ ]q¿Æ siΩm-i\m°p-Ibpw, sshZoI-\m-°p-I-bpw, dºm-\m-°p-I-bpw, sa{Xm-t∏m-eo-Øm-bm-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. 1842 s^{_phcn 2˛mw XobXn ]cn-ip≤ Gen-bmkv {]{Xn-b¿°okv _mh-bm-bn-cp∂p Cu hmgvN \S-Ønb-Xv. At±-lsØ ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eo-Ø-bmbn A[n-Im-c-s∏-Sp-Øn ae-¶-cbn-te°v Ab®p. 1843 ˛¬- A-t±lw ae-¶-c-bn¬ FØp-Ibpw 1875 hsc ]me-°p-∂Øv amXyqkv am¿
AØm-\m-kn-tbmkv ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eo-Øb
- mbn k`sb `cn-®p. ]. ]m{Xn-b¿°okv _mhmbn¬ \n∂v t\cn´p ]utcm-ln-Xyhpw A[n-Im-chpw t\Sn-sb-Sp-°p∂ ae-¶-c-bnse BZysØ
sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØ BWv ]me-°p-∂Øv amXyqkv am¿ AØm-\m-kn-tbm-kv. Ct±lw \ho-IcW {]ÿm-\-Øn\v t\XrXzw sImSpØv a¿tØmΩ k` D≠m°n. AXns‚ BZy sa{Xmt∏m-eo-Ømbpw Ct±lw Bbncp-∂p. AXn\m¬ am¿tØmΩm k`bv°pw, ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏meoØ ]Zhn \ymb-ambn Ah-Im-i-s∏-Smw. ]s£ Ah¿ henb sa{Xm-t∏m-eo-Øm- ]-Z-hn-bn¬
k¥p-jvT-cm-Wv. Imc-W-߃ ]e-Xp≠v hnh-cn-°m≥ ÿew t]mcm.
1889 ˛se tImS-Xn-hn[n ]pen-t°m-´n¬ am¿ Zoh-∂m-kn-tbm-kns\ ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØ-bmbn AwKo-I-cn-®p. 1911 ˛¬ tijn® ae-¶c kpdn-bm\n {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ ho≠pw
c≠mbn ]ncn-bp-∂p.˛ _mhm I£n-bpw, sa{Xm≥ I£nbpw. A∂v ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eo-Øbm-bn-cp∂ h´-t»-cn¬ Xncp-ta\n B ÿm\w XpS¿∂p sIm≠n-cp∂p. Ipdn®n _mhm ImtXmen-°mbpw, h´-t»cn Xncp-ta\n ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eo-Ømbpw Bbn-cp-∂p.1934 ˛¬ h´-t»cn¬ Xncp-ta\n Imew sNbvX-Xns\ XpS¿∂v A[n-Im-c- hSwhen D≠m-Im-Xn-cn-°p-hm≥ c≠p
ÿm\-ßfpw GtIm-]n-∏n®v Ipdn®n _mhm-bn¬ FØp-∂p.
1930˛ ¬ sa{Xm≥ I£n-bn¬ \n∂pw _Y-\n-bpsS am¿ Cuhm-\n-tbm-kns‚ t\Xr-XzØn¬ AwKp-en-]-cn-an-X-amb Nne¿ ItØm-en°m k`-bn¬ tN¿∂p. Ch¿ ae¶c doØp-≠m°n. am¿ Cuhm-\n-tbmko\v B¿®v _nj-∏v F∂ ÿm\-t∏cp e`n-®p. (Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv
k`-bnse sa{Xm\p Xpeyw) tdma≥ ItØm-en°m k`-bpsS kmº-Øn-Ihpw [m¿Ωn-I-hpamb ]n≥ _e-Øn¬ [mcmfw kpdn-bm\n {InkvXym-\n-Isf hnebv°p hmßp-Ibpw, tPmen
hmKvZm\w sNbvXv P\-ßsf ae¶ doØn¬ tN¿Øp doØp k` hf¿Øn. F¥n-\-[nIw
Cu teJ-Is‚ IpSpw-_-Øn¬ \n∂pw Hcp sshZo-I\pw Ipsd ho´pImcpw ae-¶c doØn¬
tN¿∂p. Hcp IW-°n¬ AXv Ah¿°v F√m A¿∞-Ønepw KpWw sNbvXp. Ct∏m-gp≈
ae-¶c doØp k`-bpsS am¿ ¢o-Ωokv [mcmfw ]Z-hn-Iƒ hmßn®p Iq´n-bn-´p-≠v. B¿®v
k`bpw ae-¶c am¿tØmΩm k`bpw AI-ep-∂p. Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`-bp-ambn AI∂
am¿tØmΩm k` bmt°m_mb k`-bp-ambn kl-I-cn-°p-hm≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p. CXns‚ `mK-ambn
ssZh-im-kv{X-Øns‚ taJ-e-I-fnepw AP-]m-e\ ip{iq-j-bnepw kmaq-lnI tkh\ cwK-ßfnepw kl-I-cn-°m-\p≈ km[y-X-Iƒ ]Tn-°m≥ Ccp k`m t\Xr-Xzhpw tN¿∂v k_v IΩ‰n°p cq]w \¬In Ccp k`I-fp-sSbpw F∏nkvtIm∏¬ kp∂-l-tZmkv \nb-an® Ub-temKv
IΩo-js‚ {]Y-a-tbm-K-amWv k_v IΩ‰n cq]o-I-cn-®-Xv.
a¿tØmΩm k`-bpsS \ho-Ic- W {]ÿm-\h
- p-ambn _‘-s∏´v tPmk^v a¿tØmΩm sa{Xmt∏m-eoØ CS-hI P\-߃°mbn ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn® I¬]-\-bmWv Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`-bp-ambn
AI-ep-∂X
- n-\n-Sb
- m-°n-bX
- v. Cu Iev]\
- b
- n¬ ae-¶c Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`-bpsS ImtXm-en-t°‰v
ÿm]-\-Øn\v 100 h¿jw am{X-amWv ]g-°-ap-≈-sX∂pw AXn\v apºv ae-¶c k`-bpsS ]mcº-cy-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. ae-¶-c- bm-t°m-_mb kpdn-bm\n k`-bpw ae-¶-c- am¿tØmΩm kpdnbm\n k`-bp-am-sW∂pw {]kvXm-hn-®ncp-∂p. CXv Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`m t\Xr-XzsØ sNmSn∏n-®p. 1878 emWv am¿tØmΩm k`bpw bmt°m_mb k`bpw cq]w sIm≠Xpw ]n∂oSv 1912˛
¬ am{X-am-Wv ae-¶c Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k` cq]-s∏-´-sX∂pw am¿tØmΩm sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØm
Nq≠n-Im-´n-bn-cp-∂p.
Bephm im¥n-Kncn B{i-a-Øn¬ Bcw-`n® N¿®-bn¬ bmt°m-_mb am¿tØmΩm k`-IfpsS tae-[y-£-∑mcmb t{ijvT ImtXm-en-°m _tk-en-tbmkv tXmakv {]Y-a≥ _mhmbpw
tUm. tPmk^v am¿tØmΩm sa{Xm-t∏m-en-Øbpw kwbp-‡-ambn A[y-£vX- h-ln-®p.
hn`m-Ko-bX am\p-joI _e-lo-\-X-sIm≠v D≠m-Ip-∂-Xm-sW∂pw sFIyw ]cn-ip-≤m-flmhn-s‚ {]h¿Ø-\-am-sW∂pw t{ijvT _mh {]kvXm-hn-®p. \q‰m-≠p-I-fmbn Ccp k`-I-fmbn
\ne-\n¬°p-tºmgpw Ccp k`-Ifpw XΩn¬ sFIy-Øn-s‚bpw kl-h¿Ø-\-Øn-t‚bpw ]mX
XpS¿∂p-h-∂Xv IqSp-X¬ i‡n-s∏-Sp-tØ-≠Xp Ime-L-´-Øns‚ sh√p-hn-fn-bm-sW-∂pam¿tØmΩm sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØm A\p-kva-cn-®p.
ASpØ N¿® 2015 am¿®v 17 \v ]pØ≥Ipcniv ]m{Xn-b¿°m sks‚-dn¬ \S-Øm\pw
Xocp-am-\n-®p.
bmt°m_mb k`sb {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn®v sa{Xm-t∏m-eo-Ø-am-cmb tUm. Ipdn-bm-t°mkv tam¿
sXtbm-^n-temkv, amXyqkv tam¿ At{]w, tUm. Koh-dp-§okv tam¿ Iqdn-temkv ^m. BZmbn
tP°_v tIm¿ F∏n-kvtIm∏m F∂n-hcpw am¿tØmΩm k`sb {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn®v tUm. k-J-dnbmkv am¿ sXtbm-^n-temk,v k{^-K≥ sa{Xmt∏m-eo-Ø, tPmk^v am¿ _¿Wm-_mkv F∏nkvtIm-∏m, ko\n-b¿ hnIm-cn- P-\-dmƒ dh. tUm. sI. Pn. t]mØ≥, k` sk{I-´dn, dh. DΩ≥
^nen-∏v. dh. tUm. tPm¿Pv amXyp, dh. tUm. {]Imiv sI. tPm¿Pv F∂n-hcpw ]s¶-Sp-Øp.
tkmfm¿; apJy-a{¥n tImSn-Iƒ Bh-iy-s∏-s´∂p Ipcp-hnf
tkmfm¿
]≤-Xn°v AwKoImcw \¬I-W-sa-¶n¬ tImSn-Iƒ thW-sa∂v apJy-a{¥n t\cn´v
Bh-iy-s∏-´-Xmbn _wK-fq-cp-hnse hyh-kmbn Fw. sI. Ipcp-hnf tkmfm¿ PpUo-jy¬ At\zjW IΩo-j-\p-ap-ºmsI samgn-sb-gpXn \¬In Xh-W-I-fmbn ssI°qen \¬IWsa∂p ]e
XhW t^mWn¬ apJy-a{¥n Bh-iy-s∏s´∂pw ]≤-Xn-bpsS hni-Zmw-i-߃ apJy-a-{¥n-bp-ambn
]e-h´w kwkm-cn-s®∂pw samgn-bn¬ ]d-bp-∂p.
aq∂p Znhkw apºmWv _wK-fq-cp-hnse hyh-kmbn Fw. sI. Ipcp-hnf tkmfm¿ PpUojy≥- A-t\z-jW IΩo-j\p apºn¬ samgnsbgpXn \¬In-b-Xv.-ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bpsS _‘p-sh∂v
Ah-Im-i-s∏´ B≥{Uqkv aptJ-\-bmWv Xm≥ tkmfm¿ CS-]m-Sn¬ _‘-s∏-´-Xv. tIc-f-Ønse
tkmfm¿ ]≤-Xn°p th≠n e≠≥ tI{µ-ambn {]h¿Øn-°p∂ Iº\n 4000 tImSn cq]
\nt£]n-°p-∂p-s≠∂pw CXn¬ ]¶m-fn-bm-Im≥ B≥{Uqkv Xs∂ \n¿_-‘n-s®-∂pw Ipcphnf ]d-bp∂p. B≥{Uqkv hgn apJy-a-{¥n-bp-ambn Xncp-h-¥-]p-cØv h®v 45an\n´v IqSn-ImgvN
\S-Øn. ]≤-Xn°v AwKo-Imcw In´m≥ apJy-a{¥n tImSn-Iƒ tImg-bmbn \¬I-W-sa∂v Bhiy-s∏-´p. hni-Z-ambn kwkm-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\mbn c≠v t^m¨\º-cp-Ifpw \¬In. apJy-a-{¥n-bpsS
K¨am-\m-bn-cp∂ kenw-cmPnt‚-Xm-bn-cp∂p \º-dp-Iƒ CXn¬ hnfn-®m¬ kenw-cmPv t^msWSpØv apJy-a-{¥n°p ssIam-dp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p ]Xnhv. ]n∂oSv ]≤-Xn-sb-°p-dn-®p kwibw
tXm∂nbt∏mƒ apJy-a-{¥nsb t\cn´v I≠v ]cmXn \¬In. ]cmXn At\z-jn-°m≥ apJy-a{¥n
\n¿t±-in-s®-¶nepw ^e-ap-≠m-bn-√. XpS¿∂v t]meokv Xs∂ I≈-t°-kn¬ IpSp°pI-bm-bncp∂p F∂v Ipcp-hnf Btcm-]n-®p. tIkns‚ \nP-ÿnXn shfn-s∏-Sm≥ apJy-a-{¥n-tbbpw
A∂sØ Un. Pn. ]ntbbpw IΩo-j≥ hnkvX-cn-°-W-sa∂pw Fw. sI. Ipcp-hnfBh-iy-s∏´p.
_nj-∏m-bn-cp∂ am¿ ¢oΩokv taP¿ B¿®p _nj-∏mbn, AXn\p tijw ImtXm-en°m Bbn
]n∂oSv A[n-Iw sshImsX I¿±n-\mƒ ]´-hpw- e-`n-®p. am¿ ¢o-Ωokv _mhmbv°v Ct∏mƒ ae¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØm F∂ ÿm\w IqSn ssI AS-°Ww F∂pw c≠pw Iev]n®v AXv
kzbw hntijn∏n°p∂p F∂pw tIƒ°p-∂p. CXv P\-ßsf I¨^yq-j-\m°n I_-fn-∏n°m\pw Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv kpdn-bm\n {InkvXym-\n-Isf BI¿jn-®q BSp-Isf tamjvSn-°p-hm\pap≈ Hcp KqUX{¥amWv.
tdma≥ ImtXm-en°m k` “hy‡n k`-I-fpsS” Hcp Iq´m-bva-bmWv. t]m∏ns\ AwKo-Icn-®m¬ GXp hy‡nKX- k-`Itfbpw ItØm-en°m k` Dƒs°m-≈pw, tIc-f-Øn¬ CØ-cØn¬ aq∂p k`-I-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. eØn≥ k`, ae-_m¿ doØv, ae-¶c doØv F∂n-h-bm-Wv. ae_m¿, ae-¶c doØv am¿∏m-]-bpsS ]c-am-[n-Im-csØ AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂p-s≠-¶nepw B hn`m-K߃ kzX-{¥-am-Wv. eØo≥ k` am{X-amWv am¿]m-∏-bpsS t\cn-´p≈ `c-W-Øn≥ Iogn¬
D≈-Xv. ae-_m¿ doØp k`-bpsS Xe-h≥ I¿Zn-\mƒ am¿ tPm¿÷v Be-t©-cnbpw ae-¶c
doØp k`-bpsS Xe-h≥ am¿ ¢oΩokpw BWv. Ch¿ c≠p t]cpw taP¿ B¿®p _nj-∏p-amcmbn-cp∂p. ]uckvXy ]mcy-º-c-Øn¬ Cu ÿm\w a{^n-bm\/ImtXm-en°m F∂n-hbv°p kam\-am-Wv. taP¿ B¿®p_nj-∏m-bn-cp∂ am¿¢o-Ωn-kn\v shdpsX Hcp ImtXm-en°m ÿm\w
e`n-®p. ImtXm-en-°m-tb-°mƒ henb ÿm\-amWv I¿Zn-\mƒ ]Z-hn-sb∂p Icp-Xn AXpw
hmßn®p. ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eo-Øm-sb∂ ]Zhn hfsc al-Xz-ap-≈-Xm-sW∂v am¿ ¢oΩo-kn\v
shfn-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ B¿®v _nj-∏ns‚ ]Z-hn°p kam\w am{X-amWv ae-¶c
sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØm ÿm\w. ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØm ÿm\w IqSn-th-W-sa∂v At±lw B{Kln-°p-∂psh-¶n¬ ImtXmen°m ˛I¿±n-\mƒ F∂o ÿm\-߃ sa{Xm-t∏m-eo-Ømbv°p Iognem-sW∂v kΩ-Xn-t°≠n hcpw. HcpImcyw hy‡w CXv _p≤n-b-√, Bflo-b-X-bp-a√. Hcp
Bflob hy‡n°p C{]-Imcw tXm∂p-Ibpw C√. Fs¥√mw H∏n-®mepw “]cn-ip≤” F∂
ssS‰n¬ IqSn H∂v t\Sn-sb-Sp-°p-hm≥ Ign-bptam? C√. km≤y-a√msb∂v Adn-™n-cp-∂m¬\∂v.
ae-¶c doØv hn`mKw ItØm-en°m k`-bpsS Hcp sNdnb doØv am{X-am-Wv.-c-≠p, aq∂p
e£w kpdn-bm\n {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ kmº-ØnI t\´w IW-°n-se-SpØpw Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv hn`mKo-b-Xbpw tIkpw, hg°pw Imc-W-am-bn. AXn¬ tN¿∂n-´p≠v F∂v IcpXn Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv
kpdn-bm\n k`bv°v e`n-®n-´p-≈Xpw \q‰m-≠p-I-fp-ambn B ssS‰n¬ Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv hn`mKw
D]-tbm-Kn®v hcp-∂Xpw `mc-Xob ]c-tam-∂X tImS-Xn-bmb kp{]ow tImSXn AXv AwKo-I-cn®v
ae-¶c Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`bv°v \evIn-bn-´p-≈-Xp-am-Wv. AXn-\m¬ ae-¶c sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØm
F∂ ]Zhn ae-¶c Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`bv°p am{Xw Ah-Im-is- ∏-Sp-∂X
- m-Wv. .C-Xns‚ t]cn¬
tIkpw hg°pw D≠m°n ae-¶c doØv \mdm-Xn-cn-°p-∂-XmWv Ah¿°p \√-Xv F∂mWv Xt±hq-kns‚ Ffn-b A`n-{]m-bw.
am¿ {KntKm-dn-tbmkv
“temI: kakv X : kpJnt\m `h¥p:”
t]Pv 3
Xt±-hqkv
8 Unkw-_¿ 2014
cmPym-¥c kl-I-cWw A`y¿∞n®p tamUn
hntZ-i-Øp≈ I≈-∏W \nt£]w Xncn-®p-sIm-≠p-h-cp-∂-Xn-\mWv
C¥y-bpsS {]Ya ]cn-KW-\-sb∂v Ak-∂n-Kv[-ambn {]Jym-]n® {][m-\-a{¥n \tc-{µ-tamUn C°m-cy-Øn¬ temI cmPyßfpsS kl-I-cWw A`y¿∞n-®p.
Hmkvt{S-en-bbn¬ Pn˛ 20 D®-tIm-Sn-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°m-s\-Ønb tamUn {_nIvkv cmPy-Ø-eh-∑m-cp-ambn \S-Ønb A\u-tZym-KnI IqSn-Im-gvN-bn-emWv C°mcyw D∂-bn-®X.v IW-°n¬s∏SmØ ]Ww Hcp kpc£m {]iv\-am-sW∂pw tamUn ]d-™p.
\nIpXn sh´n-∏n-s\-Xntc hfsc i‡-amb \S-]S- n-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°p-sa∂v Pn ˛20°v BYnXzw
hln-°p∂ Hmkvt{S-enb Ign™ Znhkw hy‡-am-°n-bn-cp-∂p. I≈-∏W \nt£-]-Øn-s\-Xntc
ISpØ \S-]-Sn-sb-Sp-°-W-sa∂v Pn˛20 bnse hymh-km-bnI hnI-kc cmPy-ßtfmSv C¥ybpw
Bh-iy-s∏-´p.-tam-Un°p ]pdta ssN\okv {]kn-U‚v jn]n≥]nw-Kv, djy≥ {]kn-U‚v hvfmZnan¿ ]{Sn≥, Z£nWm{^n-°≥ {]kn-U‚v tP°-_vkpw, {_ko-en-b≥ {]kn-U‚v Zn¬a dqk^v
F∂n-h-cmWv A\u-]-Nm-cnI N¿®-bn¬ ]s¶-SpØ a‰p temI-t\-Xm-°ƒ kmº-ØnI ]cnjvI-cW ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ°v FXn¿∏v t\cn-tS≠n hcp-sa∂pw cmjv{Sob kΩ¿Zw adn-I-S∂v \S-]Sn-Iƒ efn-X-am-°p-I-bmWp th≠-sX-∂pw- tamUn Pn˛ 20 t\Xm-°-tfmSp ]d-™p.
{_nkv t_\nse I¨sh≥j≥ sk‚-dn¬ D®-tImSn XpS-ßp-∂-Xn\v apºv temI- t\-Xm°ƒ \S-Ønb IqSn-°m-gvN-bn-em-bn-cp∂p Cu Blzm-\w. Iyq≥kv em≥Uv ]m¿e-sa‚v aµn-cØn¬ Hmkvt{S-en-b≥ {][m-\-a{¥n tSmWn B_¿´v BWv IqSn ImgvN Hcp-°n-b-Xv.-]-cn-jvImc-ßsf P\-ß-fmWp aptºm´p \bn-t°-≠-sX∂pw I]-S-X-{¥-ß-f√ AXn\p th≠-sX∂pw
tamUn ]d-™p.
]cn-jvI-c-W-߃ P\-tI-{µo-Ir-Xhpw P\w \bn-°p∂Xpw BIWw. ]cn-jvI-c-W-ßsf
P\-ß-fpsS taep≈ `mc-ambpw k¿°m¿ ]≤-Xn-I-fp-am-bp-amWv temI-sa-ºm-Spw- ho-£n-°-s∏Sp-∂-sX∂pw B ÿnXn°p am‰w-h-c-W-sa∂pw tamUn-Nq-≠n-°m-´n.
]cn-jvImcw F∂p ]d-™m¬ efn-X-h¬°-cW \S-]-Sn-I-fm-h-Ww. `cW \S-]-Sn-Iƒ ]cnjvI-cn-°-s∏-SWw. tamUn-]-d-™p.
1958˛ se k`m tbmPn∏pw I√q-∏-d-ºn¬ hµy hn. Fw.
Koh-dp-Kokv A®s‚ A`n-ap-Jhpw
1958˛ se k`m tbmPn∏v ka-bØv bmt°m-_mb kpdn-bm\n k`-bpsS sshZo-I -{SÃn
Bbn-cp∂ I√q-∏-d-ºn¬ hµy Koh-dp-§okv A®-≥ \S-Ønb Hcp A`n-apJw Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv
k`-bpsS 2014 Pqsse e°w “ae-¶c k`” amkn-I-bn¬ Im-Wp-I-bp-≠mbn. 1958˛ se k`m
tbmPn∏v hyh-ÿb
- n¬ “1934 ˛se `c-WL
- S- \
- bv°v hnt[-ba- mbn kzoI-cn-°p-∂p”. F∂v Dƒs∏Sp-Øn-bXv kw_-‘n®v _lp-am-\s- ∏´ A®≥ A`n-ap-JØ
- n¬ Hcp ZrIvkm£n hnh-cWw \¬Ip∂p-≠v. 1958˛se tbmPn∏v ka-bØv ]m{Xn-b¿°okv hn`m-K-Øn\v sa{Xm≥ I£n ssIam-dnb
kzoI-cW Iev]-\bn¬ “1934 ˛se `c-W-L-S-\bv°v hnt[-b-ambn kzoI-cn-°p-∂p..... F∂
tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv Xte Znhkw N¿® sNbvX hyh-ÿ-bn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂-X√ F∂v
Btcm-]n®v ]m{Xn-b¿°okv hn`mKw FXn¿∏v {]I-Sn-∏n-®p. B k-a-bØp hb-en-]d-ºn¬ Kohdp-§okv am¿ {KotKm-dn-tbmkv Xncp-ta\n (bm-t°m-_mb hn`mKw A¶-amen `{Zm-k\ sa{Xm-t∏meo-Ø) `c-W-L-S-\bv°v hnt[-b-ambn F∂v Fgp-Xn-bm¬ F¥v Ipg∏w F∂v tNmZn-°p-I-bp≠m-bn-sb∂pw Xte-Zn-h-ksØ N¿®-bn¬ D≠m-°nb hyh-ÿ-bn-ep-≈-X√ F∂-Xns‚ t]cn¬
X≈n-°-f-b-cp-Xv. \apt°m Hcp `cWLS\ -C√. AXp-sIm≠v AXp IqSn Ccp-t∂ms´ Ipg-∏an-√m-sb∂pw ]d-bp-I-bp-≠mbn F∂pw, Aß-s\-bmWv 1934 se `c-W-L-S-\bv°v hnt[-b-ambn
kzoI-cn-°p∂p F∂v 1958 ˛se kzoI-cW Iev]\-bn¬ h∂Xv F∂p-amWv hµy I√q-∏-d-ºn¬A-®≥ Cu A`n-ap-J-Øn\v hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
bmt°m-_mb kpdn-bm\n k` apJy hy‡mhv _lp-am-\-s∏´ I√m-∏md h¿Kokv A®≥
CXn¬ \n∂pw hn`-∂-am-bn-´mWv Cu Imcyw {]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. _lp-am-\-s∏´ A—≥
{]kn≤oI-cn-°p∂ ]pWy- t«m-I-\mb hen-b-]-d-ºn¬ Koh-dp-§okv am¿ {KotKm-dn-tbmkv Xncpta-\n-bpsS PohNcn-{X-Øn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. 1958 ˛se kam-[m\ DS-º-Sn-bn¬
1934 ˛se tIƒ°mØ `c-W-L-S\ XncpIn Ib‰n AXp I≠-t∏mƒ [oc-\mb hb-en-]d-ºn¬
Xncp-ta\n ]X-dn-t∏mbn F∂p-amWv (t]Pv 253) ]d-bp-∂Xv. c≠pw kXy-am-Im≥ Xc-an-√-t√m.-H-c®≥ ]d-™Xv I≈-am-bn-cn-°-Ww. GX-®≥ ]d-™-XmWv kXyw, GX-®≥ ]d-™-XmWv I≈w
F∂Xv ssZh-Øn-\-dn-bmw.
1956˛ se tbmPn-t∏msS 1934˛se `c-W-L-S\ bmt°m-_mb k`bv°v IWvT tImSm-en-bmbn-Xo¿∂n-cn-°p-Ib
- m-Wv. 1995˛se kp{]ow tImS-Xn-hn-[n-bn¬ 1934 se `c-WL
- S- \ F√mh¿°pw
_m[-I-am-°n-bXv 1958 ˛¬ AXv bmt°m-_mb hn`mKw AwKo-I-cn-®Xv sIm≠m-Wv.
1958 ˛epw Ct∏mgpw 99.9 iX-am\w P\-ßfpw kam-[m\w A\p-Iq-en-°p-∂-h-cm-sW∂pw
Xm≥ XpS°w apXte kam-[m-\-Øn-\mbn \nevs°bp≈p F∂ Bfp-amWv F∂v A®≥ ]dbp-tºmƒ At±-l-Øns‚ a\- n-en-cp∏v “k` tbmPn∏v At√” kwibap≠v. k`m-hn-iz-knIsf sX‰n-≤-cn-∏n-°m≥ th≠n-bmWv tbmPn∏n\v ]Icw kam-[m\w F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. 1958˛
se tbmPn-∏n\v bmt°m-_mb k`bv°v kΩ-X-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]. ]m{Xn-b¿°okv _mh-bpsS
Iev]\ \ncm-Ic- n-°m≥ ]mSn-√m-ØXv ImcWw P\w tbmPn-∏n\v Xøm-dmbn F∂v am{Xw. 1958˛se
tbmPn∏v bmt°m_mb k`bv°v kzoIm-cy-a-√m-Xn-cp-∂-Xn-\m-emWv s]m´nb km[\w tN¿Øv
h®v H´n-®n-cp-∂Xv th¿s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xp-t]mse ]{¥≠v h¿jw Ign-™-t∏mƒ bmt°m-_mb
Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv hn`m-Kß
- ƒ ]s≠-sØ-t∏mse ]ncn-™X
- v. bmsXmcp t{]c-Wbpw kΩ¿≤hpw
IqSm-sX-bp-amWv Cu ]ncn-b¬ \S-∂-Xv. sa{Xm-t∏m-eo-Øm-amtcm k`m ÿm\n-Itfm Bcpw
Xs∂ CXn\v t\XrXzw \¬Ip-hm≥ D≠m-bn-√. P\w Xs∂-bmWv CXn-s\√mw t\XrXzw \¬InbXv. _lp-am-\-s∏´ hn. Fw. Koh-dp-§okv A®-s\-t∏mse Nne “kam-[m\ t{]an-Iƒ” 1970
Ifn¬ Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`-bn¬ Xs∂ XpS¿∂ Imcyw ad-°p-∂n-√. bmt°m_mb k`-bpsS
hnizmk kwc-£W {]h¿Ø-\-߃°v FXn-cmbn {]h¿Øn-°p-hm≥ Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv hn`mK-Ønse ^nen-t∏mkv am¿ tXtbm^ntemkv sa{Xm-t∏m-eoØ ap≥ssI FSpØv dh: ^m.
tP°_v aÆm-dm-{]m-bn¬, dh. sI. kn. k°-dn-b, dh. H. kn. h¿§okv, dh. Un. sI. hn.
]utemkv I√m∏md XpS-ßn-b-h¿ t\XrXzw \¬In cq]o-I-cn® “ae-¶c Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv kpdnbm\n sFIy-thZn” 1973 Pq¨ 23 \v tImX-aw-K-eØv kwL-Sn-∏n® tbmK-Øn\v hµy hn. Fw.
Kohdp-Kokv A®≥ hnP-bm-iw-k-Iƒ Ab®p sImSp-ØXv F√m-hcpw ad-∂n-´n-√.
hµy I√q-∏-d-ºn¬ A®s\ 1957˛¬ IqSnb bmt°m-_mb kpdn-bm\n Atkm-kn-tbj≥ sshZo-I -{SÃn ÿm\-tØ°v sXc-s™-SpØ \S-]Sn A`n-ap-J-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xp-t]mse
A®s‚ A`m-h-Øn-emWv F¶n¬ N´-hn-cp-≤-am-Wv. Hcp tbmK-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°mØ Hcmsf
B tbmKw Hcp ÿm\-tØbv°pw sXc-s™-Sp-°phm≥ ]mSn-√. A®s\ sshZoI {SÃn ÿm\w
G¬∏n®v \¬Inb \S-]Sn AXnepw hnNn-{Xw. Hcp sIm√-Øn-\Iw kam-[m\w, (tbmPn∏v) D≠m°m≥ {ian°mw kam-[m\w (tbmPn∏v) D≠m-bn-s√-¶n¬ ÿm\w cmPn hbv°p-sa∂ hyh-ÿbn¬ BWv Xm≥ ÿm\w G‰-Xv F∂mWv A®≥ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. C{]-Imcw ÿm\w G¬∏n-®hcpw sIm≈mw, ÿm\-ta-‰-hcpw sIm≈m-sa∂v A√msX F¥v ]d-bphm≥! A®≥ kam-[m\w
F∂v Dt±-in-°p-∂Xv, k`m-tbm-Pn∏v Xs∂-bm-sW-t√m. A®≥ apt∂m´p h® Hcp h¿j-Øn\Iw kam-[m-\hpw 1934 ˛se `c-W-L-S-\bv°v hnt[-b-ambn F∂Xpw F√mw IqSn Iq´n
hmbn-°p-tºmƒ bmt°m_mb k`sb Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`bv°v ASn-bd- h
- b
- °
- p-hm-\p≈ KqUe£yw ap≥Iq´n Xvs∂ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v kwi-bn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. F¶n¬ AXp
bmt°m_mb k` hnizm-kn-I-tfmSv ImWn® sImSpw h©\ Xs∂-bm-Wv.
Thadevus 8 December 2014 Page 3
A\p-{K-l-Øn-\mbn Hcp°w
Ggv kµ¿`-߃
Zm\n-tb¬ ]¥fw
Hcp hm°p-sIm-≠p- am{Xw GXv Ir]bpw \ap°p Xcp-hm≥ btlmh {]m]vX-\m-Wv-. F∂m¬ thZ-]p-kvXIw ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ Ir]-e-`n-°p-∂-Xn-\p- ap-t∂m-Sn-bmbn Hcp°w Bh-iyam-sW∂v ImWmw. Hcp-ßp-hm-\p-≈-XmWv Ir]
1. tamhm_v P\-hp-ambn bp≤w D≠m-b-t∏mƒ Gen-im-tbmSv P\w ]cm-Xn-s∏-´p. Ah¿°pw
Ah-cpsS arK-߃°pw Bh-iy-Øn\v Pew C√ btlmh Iev]n® {]Imcw Genim ]d-™p
“Cu Xmgvhc-bn¬ At\Iw Ipgn-Iƒ Ipgn-°p-ho≥ \n߃ Im‰p ImWp-I-bn√, agbpw
ImWp-I-bn√. Cu Xmgvhc sh≈w sIm≠v \ndbpw ” Aßns\ kw`-hn®p. Ipgn-Iƒ Ipgn°p-∂-Xp-hsc sh≈w C√ Genim hn[-h-tbmSv In´p∂ ]m{X-߃ F√mw sIm≠p hcn-I.
Ah¿ sIm≠p-h∂p. ]m{X-߃ D≈n-S-tØmfw FÆ In´n. ]m{X-߃ Xo¿∂-t∏mƒ FÆbpsS Hgp°p \n∂p.
2. IpjvT-tcm-Kn-bmb \b-am-t\mSv Genbm Iev]n-®Xv \o tbm¿±m-\n¬ t]mbn Ggp {]mhiyw
apßpI. Ggp-{]m-hiyw apßp-∂-Xp-hsc kuJyw e`n-®n-√.- G-gp-{]m-hiyw apßn-°-gn-™t∏mƒ skuJyw e`n-®p.
3. Ah-\mbn hgn Hcp-°p-∂Xp hsc ainlm C√. tbi. 40.3 tIt´m Hcp-Ø≥ hnfn®p ]d-bp∂Xv acp-`q-an¬ btlm-hbv°v hgn Hcp-°q-ho≥. \n¿÷\ {]tZ-iØv \ΩpsS ssZh-Øn\v
Hcp s]mXp-hgn \nc-∏m-°p-I. tbml-∂m≥ h∂p F\n°p ]n∂mse hcp-∂-h\v Rm≥ hgn
Hcp-°p-∂p.-hgn Hcp-°n-b-t∏mƒ ˛ P\sØ am\-km-¥-c-Øn\v Hcp-°n-b-t∏mƒ ˛ ain-lmh∂p
4. Ipcp-Ss‚ IÆn-t∑¬ tbip tNdp ]pc´n iotemlmw F∂ Ipf-Øn¬ t]mbn Igp-Ip-hm≥
]d-™p. Ipcp-S\v AhnsS FØp-hm≥ {]bmkw, ]t£ Ah≥ A\p-k-cn-®p. Igp-Ip-thmfw
ImgvN-In-´n-bn-√. Igp-In-b-t∏mƒ ImgvN e`n®p A\p-k-cn-®-t∏m-gmWv ^ew e`n-®-Xv.
5. acn®v AS°s∏´ emk-dns\ tbip Db¿∏n-®p. ssZhw k¿∆-i-‡-\m-Wv. Hcp hm°p
sImt≠m t\m´w sImt≠m- I-√d- b
- psS I√p \o°p-hm-t\m, As√-¶n¬ I√d Xpd-°msX Xs∂
emk-dns\ Poh-t\msS ]pd-Øp-sIm-≠p-hcphmt\m tbip-hn\p km[n°pam-bn-cp∂p F∂m¬
I√-d-bpsS I√p \o°p-hm≥ tbip P\-tØmSv Bh-iy-s∏´p. I√p-\o-°p-thmfw Db¿∏v \S∂n-√. I√v \o°p-thmfw ImØn-cn-t°-≠n-h-∂p.
6. Im\m-hnse I√ymW ho´n¬ ho™p Xo¿∂p. AhnsS Bh-iym-\p-k-c-Wtam AXn-e-[n-Itam
ho™v D≠m-Ip-hm≥ tbip-hn\v Hcp hm°p am{Xw aXn-bm-bn-cp∂p. F∂m≥ `c-Wn-Iƒ \ndsb
sh≈w \nd-bv°p-hm≥ tbip Bh-iy-s∏-´p. ht°mfw \nd-°p-thmfw ho™n-√. A\p-{K-lØn-\mbn AhnsS hniym-khpw A\p-k-c-Wbpw D≠m-tI≠n h∂p.
7. shfn. 7.13˛14 “aq∏-∑m-cn¬ Hcp-Ø≥ Ft∂mSv sh≈\oe-b¶
- n-[c- n-®n-cn-°p∂ Ch¿ B¿?
FhnsS \n∂v h∂p F∂v tNmZn®p bP-am-\≥ Adn-bp-at√m F∂v Rm≥ ]d-™-Xn\v Ah≥
Ft∂mSv ]d-™Xv Ch¿ alm IjvS-ß-fn¬ \n∂v h∂-h¿, Ip™m-Sns‚ c‡-Øm¬ XßfpsS A¶n Ae°n shfp-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xp-sIm-≠v Ah¿ ssZh-Øns‚ knwlm-k-\-Øn-\pap-ºn¬ Ccp∂p Ahs‚ Be-b-Øn¬ cm∏-I¬ Ahs\ Bcm-[n-°p∂p. knwlm-k-\-Ønen-cn-°p-∂-h≥ Ah¿°v IqSm-c-am-bn-cn-°pw. C\n Ah¿°v hni-∏n-√, Zml-an-√, bmsXmcp
NqSpw Ah¿°v X´p-I-bn√” A¶n Ip™mSns‚ c‡-Øn¬ IgpIn ip≤o-I-cn-°p-∂-Xphsc kz¿K-{]-th-i-\-an-√.
IqZm-i-Iƒ°v {][m\ Im¿Ωn-IXzw hln-°p-hm≥ I√q-∏-d-ºn¬ A®s‚ ]≈n-bn¬ (bmt°m-_mb ]≈n-Iƒ) hcp∂ Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv sshZn-I¿°v Ah-kcw sImSp-°p-∂X
- n\v X\n°v
bmsXmcp {]bm-khpw C√m-sb∂v _lp-am-\-s∏´ A®s‚ A`n-ap-J-Øn¬ hmbn-®-t∏mƒ ]cpae skan-\m-cn-]-≈n-bn¬t∏mbn Ipº-km-cn®v ]nt‰-Zn-hkw Hma-√q¿ Zb-dm-∏-≈n-bn¬ t]mbn hn.
Ip¿∫m\ A\p-`-hn-°p∂ bmt°m-_mb \ma[mcn-I-fmb Nne-sc-°p-dn®v tI´-dn-hp-≠v. AhcpsS hnizmk \ne-hmcta hµy-\mb I√q-∏-d-ºn¬ hn. Fw. Kohdp-Kokv A®\v D≈t√m F∂Xn¬ Zp:Jap-≠v. CØ-cp-W-Øn¬ Hcp Imcyw Adn-bn-°-s´, bYm¿∞ Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`mwK-߃ Bcpw Hma-√q¿ Zbdm ]≈nbn¬ t]mbn Ipº-km-cn-°p-I-bn-√.
Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k` t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ 2002˛¬ ]cp-ae
- b
- n¬ IqSnb Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ tbmKw,
]cn. ]m{Xn-b¿°okv _mh-tbmSv hnt[-b-Xz-Øn¬ \n¬°p∂ bm-t°m-_mb k` _ln-jvIcn-°p-Ibpw bmt°m-_mb ]≈n-Itfm k`mw-K-ßtfm AXn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°tbm sNø-cp-sX∂v
k` H‰-s°-´mbn Xocp-am-\n-°p-Ibpw D≠m-bn. {]kvXpX tbmK-Øn¬ ss{S_yq-W¬ AwKambn {]h¿Øn-®n´v hµy hn. Fw. Koh-dp-§okv A®≥ Xm≥ At¥ymJym knwlm-k-\-Øns‚
bYm¿∞ `‡-\m-sW∂v ]d-bp-∂Xv Bsc-¶nepw hniz-kn-°p-tam? hniz-kn-°m-ØX
- n¬ Ahsc
Ip‰w ]d-bp-hm≥ ]‰ptam? Hcp ]t£ _lp-am-\-s∏´ A®-\n¬ Cc´ hy‡nXzw D≠m-bncn°mw. At¥ymJym knwlm-k\ `‡-s\∂ \ne-bn¬ bmt°m-_mb k` ]≈n {]Xn-\n[n F∂
\ne-bn¬ ]cp-ae Atkm-kntbj≥ tbmK-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°m-Xn-cn-°bpw Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`
hnizmkn F∂ \ne-bn¬ Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ tbmK ss{S_yq-W¬ AwK-ambn {]h¿Øn-°pIbpw sNbvXn-cn-°mw.
Hcp Imcy-Øn¬ _lp-am-\s- ∏´ A®\v \√ \n›-ba- p-≠v. ]m{Xn-b¿°okv _mhbpw ImtXmen°m _mhbpw XΩn¬ ]c-kv]cw kzoI-cW
- I
- e
- v]\ ssIam-dn-bm¬ 1958˛ teXp-t]mse P\w
AwKo-I-cn-°p-I-bn-s√-∂mWv A®≥ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. bmt°m-_m-b˛ Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv X¿°w P\Iobh¬°-cn-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. hnjbw P\-߃ Gs‰-SpØp v Ign-™n-cn-°p-∂p. Ah¿
AwKo-I-cn-°mØ Hcp Xocp-am-\hpw \S-∏n-em-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. bmt°m-_mb Hm¿ØtUmIvkv k`-I-fnepw _lp `qcp-]£w P\-ßfpw B{K-ln-°p-∂Xv c≠mbn ]ncn™v Xs∂bp≈ k`m kam-[m\w BWv. k`m Bÿm\w, `{Zm-k\ tI{µ-߃, sshZoI skan-\mcn,
[ym\ tI{µw, F∏n-kvtIm-∏¬ kp∂-l-tZmkv , k`m`c-W-L-S\m, `c-W-k-an-Xn-Iƒ XpS-ßn Hcp
k`bv°v A-h-iy-amb F√m kwhn-[m-\-ßfpw bmt°m-_mb Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv hn`m-K-߃°v
{]tXyIw, {]tXy-I-am-bn´v C∂v D≠v. t]mcm-Ø-Xn\v Ign™ 40 h¿j-ambn XΩn¬ _‘-s∏Sm-sX-sb∂v am{X-a√ ]c-kv]cw t]mcm-Sn- sIm-≠p-amWv Ccn-°p-∂-Xv. Cß-s\-bp≈ kml-Ncy-Øn¬ F¥v tbmPn∏v F∂mWv k`mw-K-߃ tNmZn-°p-∂-Xv. C∂sØ Ah-ÿ-bn¬ ]-ckv]cw tbmPn®v ]cn-bp-I-bmWv A`n-Im-ayhpw {]mtbm-Kn-Ihpw F∂mWv P\-ß-fpsS A`n-{]mbw. AXp-a-√, Ct∏mƒ tbmPn-®n´v ]Øv ]{¥≠v h¿jw Ign-bp-tºmƒ ho≠pw ]ncn-bp-I-bn√
F∂-Xn\v F¥mWv Dd-s∏∂pw Ah¿ tNmZn-°p∂p. A[n-Imctamln-Ifpw kzm¿∞-Xm-ev]-cy°m-cp-amb Hcp-]nSn t\Xm-°∑
- m-cmWv tbmPn-∏n-eqsS kam-[m\w Fs∂√mw ]d™v k`m X¿°w
]cn-l-cn-°p-hm≥ XS- -ambn \ne-sIm-≈p-∂Xv . P\-߃°v CjvS-an-√mØ, Ah¿ B{K-ln°mØ, Ah¿ kzoI-cn-°mØ tbmPn∏v Ah-cpsS ta¬ ASn-t®¬∏n®v Ahsc sshcmKy
imen-I-fm°n am‰n, a‰v k`-I-fn-te°v {]tXy-In®v t{]m´-Âv hn`m-K-ß-fn-te°v t]mIp-hm≥
\n¿_-‘n-X-cm-Ip∂ Hcp kml-N-cyhpw krjvSn-°m-Xn-cn-°p-hm-\p≈ hnthIw ImWn-°-Wsa∂v _‘-s∏´ F√m-h-tcmSpw At]-£n-°p-∂p.
sjh. ]n. sI. ]utemkv Iqc≥
s]mbv°m-´p-t»-cn, sNß-a-\mSv ]n. H
]n≥ 683578
t^m¨. 0484˛2475171, sam. 9847535171
“{]m¿∞n- ° p∂ A[- c - ß - s f- ° mƒ ip{iq- j nbv ° p∂ Ic- ß ƒ°mWp Gsd hnip≤n”
Published on 5th December 2014
Posted at RMS Kottayam On 8th December 2014
“REGISTERED”
RNI No. KERMAL / 2005 / 16477
REG No. KL / KTM /119/ 2014-2016
Thadevus 8 December 2014 Page 4
t]Pv 4 Xt±-hqkv 8 Unkw-_¿ 2014
tbip-{InkvXp Bcm-Ip∂p? XpS¿®
{]tem-`-\-ß-fn¬s∏´v \ncm-i-cm-I-cpXv
Adn-tbm-kn-s‚bpw Iq´-cp-sSbpw tlmtambn Dukn-tbmkv (Homoi Ousios) F∂
hmZsØ \nJym kp∂-l-tZmkv ]q¿Æ-ambn X≈n-°-f-bp-Ibpw tbip-{InkvXp “ ssZh-hpambn kmcmw-i-Øn¬ H∂v ” Homoousios Toi Theoi) F∂ Bibw XXz-Øn¬ AwKo-Icn- ° p- I bpw sNbv X p.{Inkv X p- h ns‚ shfn- s ∏- S p- Ø - e ns\ kw_- ‘ n- ® p≈ Hcp
statement Bbn-cp-∂n√ CXv adn®v ssZh-Øns‚ kmcmw-ihpw {InkvXp-hns‚ kmcmw-ihpw
XΩn-ep≈ _‘sØ Bkv]-Z-am°n´p≈-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ {]iv\w ChnSw sIm≠v Ahkm-\n-°p-∂n-√.
temtKmkv X\-Xmb Hcp a\pjy icocw kzoI-cn-®-Xn\p ImcWw a\p-jys\ ssZho-I-cn°p-hm≥ th≠n-bm-bn-cp-∂psh∂v AØm-\n-tbmkpw hy‡-am-°p-∂p. a\p-jys\ ssZhw
krjvSn® AsX Ah-ÿ-bn-te°v sIms≠-Øn-°pI AYhm bYm-ÿm-\-Øm-°p∂ Hcp
{]{Inb. a\p-jys\ krjvSn-®Xv Bflm-hnepw ico-c-Øn-ep-am-Wv. ssZhw a\p-jys\ A{]-Imcw
krjvSn-®-Xn\p ImcWw ssZh-Øns‚ IqsS-bp≈ hmgvNbv°pw Iq´m-bvabv°pw Bbn-cp-∂p.
Aßs\ ssZhsØ Adn-bp-Ibpw B Adn-bp∂ Adn-hn-eqsS ssZh-hp-ambn IqSp-X¬ XmcXays∏´p hf-cp-hm-\p≈ Hcp km≤y-Xbpw D≠m-bn-cp∂psh∂v hn. AØm-\n-tbmkv ]d-bp-∂p.
F∂m¬ ssZh Iev]\ ewLn-®X
- n-\m¬ Ah¿ ssZh-Øns‚ Adn-hn¬ \n∂pw AI∂p t]mbn.
AXn-\m¬ c≠p Imcy-ßf- mWv kw`-hn-®X
- v. H∂m-aX
- mbn Ah-cpsS icocw `uXoI ac-WØ
- n\pw
{Zh-Xz-Øn\pw Imc-W-am-bn. c≠m-a-Xmbn Ah-cpsS Bflm-hn\pw £X-hpw, ac-Whpw D≠mIp-∂-Xn\pw XZzmc Ah-cpsS kz`m-h-Øn\pw ssZh-Øns‚ kzcq-]-Øn\pw lm\n kw`-hn°p-∂-Xn\pw Imc-W-ambnsb∂v AØm-\n-tbmkv hy‡-am°n
bYm-ÿm-\-s∏-Sp-ØpI F∂ AØm-\m-kn-tbm-kns‚ hm°ns‚ A¿∞w a\p-jys\ acW-Øn¬ \n∂pw c£n®v ssZhoI tXP- n¬ AXm-bXv a\p-jys‚ BZym-h-ÿ-bn¬ FØn°pI F∂-Xm-Wv.-C-Xn\p c≠p hgn-I-fmWv temtKmkv sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂-Xv. temtKm-kns‚
km∂n-≤y-Øn¬ a\p-jysc ssZhoI Poh-\n-te°v sIm≠p-h-cp-hm≥ Ign-™-Xm-Wv H∂m-aXmbn´p≈-sX-¶n¬ c≠m-a-Xmbn temtKm-kns‚ acWw aqew a\p-jys\ ac-W-Øn-te°v \bn°p∂ ISw C√m-Xm°n. CXp-hgn c≠p {]ap-J-amb kmc-amWv AØm-\n-tbm- ns‚ a\- n¬
DƒsIm-≈p-∂-Xv. H∂m-a-Xmbn CXns‚ A¿∞w a\p-jys‚ ac-W-an-√mbvabpw (immortality) c≠m-a-Xmbn A{Z-h-Xz-hp-amWv (incorruptibility)a\p-jys‚ bYm¿∞ Bflob Ahÿsb kw_-‘n-®pw Hcp \h Nn¥bpw ssZh-Øns‚ ]q¿Æ cq]hpw hN-\-Øn¬ (temkn¬) \ne-\n-ev°p∂p sh∂p≈ Hcp ]pXnb Bi-bhpw D≠m-bn.
bYm-ÿm-\-s∏-Sp-ج (Restoration) F∂-Xn\v ssZh-Øn-s‚ kZr-iy-Ønepw kzcq-]Øn-te-°p-ap≈ (Dev]Øn1:26) aS-°-bm-{X-bvs°m∏w acW \pI-Øn¬ \n∂p≈ tamN-\-hpsa∂v hy‡-am-°p-∂p. CXv km[y-am-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n hN-\amw ssZhw c≠p hnZ-Øn¬ {]hrØn-®p. apI-fn¬ ]d-™Xp t]mse tbip Xs‚ {Iqip-a-cWw aqew a\p-jys‚ `uXoI acW-Øn¬ B[m-c-amb ISw ho´p-I-bp-≠m-bn. c≠m-a-Xmbn hN-\-Øn-s‚ km∂n≤yw P\-߃°v
ssZhoI Pohn-X-Øn-te-°pff hgn ]¶p h®p sImSp-Øp. Cu ]¶p shbv°en\v c≠p hiw
D≈-Xmbn AØm-\m-kn-t- bmkv hc®p ImWn-®p. \mi-an-√m-bva-bn-te°pw A{Z-h-Xz-Øn-te-°pap≈ hgn a¿Xy ico-c-Øn\v {]]vX-am-b-tXm-sSm∏w a\p-jys‚ bYm¿∞ Bflo-b-X-bpsS
AkvXnXzw, (ssZh-Øns‚ kZr-iy-amb hN-\-Øn-ep≈ ]q¿Æ ssZhoI AkvXnXzw) kv]jvTambn shfn-s∏-´p.
hN\w ssZh-am-bn-cp∂p. hN-\amw ssZhw a\p-jy-\mbn. ssZh-Øns‚ a\p-jym-h-[m-c-Ønep≈ D]-h-‡nbpw bp‡nbpw tbip {InkvXp-hn-ep≈ hy‡nXz ]T-\-Øn-te°p \bn-®p.
hfsc thK-Øn¬ Nne A\p-am-\-߃ DS-se-Sp-Øp. a\p-jys‚ AkvXnØzw ssZh-Øn¬
A[n-jvTn-X-am-Wv. bYm¿∞ a\pjy kzbXzw ssZho-I-amb kz`m-h-hp-ambn tN¿∂p t]mIp∂p. AXn-\m¬ ssZh-Øns‚ t\cn-´p≈ CS-s]-S-en-eqsS am{Xta a\pjy c£ km≤y-am-Ip-Ibp-≈p. temI-Øn¬ Ah-X-cn-®Xv kXy ssZh-Øn-s‚ ]q¿Æ-X-bp≈ hN-\amw ssZhw- B-Ip∂psh∂v A-Øm-\m-kn-tbmkv hy‡-am-°n. ssZh-imkv{X]c-ambpw {InkvXp imkv{X-]c- a- mbpw
AØm-\m-kn-tbm-kn\p Adn-tbm-kns‚ hmZsØ \ncm-I-cn-°p-hm≥ Ign™p Adn-tbm-kns‚
]Tn-∏n-°¬ A\p-k-cn-®v hN\w (tem-tKm-kv) ssZh-Øn-\pw a\p-jy\pw CS-bn-ep≈ Hcp a≤yÿ-\msW∂p Nn¥n-®m¬ tbip-{In-kvXp-hns‚ Ah-Xmcw aqe-ap≈ c£-bpsS A¿∞w
C√m-Xm-Ip-sa∂v AØm-\n-tbmkv hniz-kn-®p. ssZh-Øns‚ bYm¿∞ {]Xy-£X
- b
- m-Wv temtKmkn-eqsS temI-Øn¬ h∂p {]hr-Øn-®-sX∂p hniz-kn-°msX Cu ssZh-Øns‚ shfn-s∏-SpØ-en\v kmKXyw D≠m-hp-I-bn-s√∂v AØm-\n-tbmkv hmZn-®p.
AØm\n-tbm-kns‚ ]Tn-∏n-°-ens‚ Bcw-`-Øn¬ Xs∂ hfsc i‡-amb FXn¿∏p-Ifpw
FXn¿ Nn¥-Ifpw s]m´n]p-d-s∏-´p. F∂m¬ AØm-\m-kn-tbmkv sFtd\ntbmkns‚ Nn¥bnepw ]Tn-∏n-°-enepw Dd-®p-\n-∂p. ssZh-Øn-s‚ bYm¿∞hpw t\cn-´p≈ kwtbm-K-amWv
{InkvXp-hn¬ ktΩ-fn-®-sX∂v AØm-\m-kn-tbmkv hy‡-am-°n-bXv Adn-tbm-kn\v KpWIcambn `hn-°bpw Nne- hy-‡-amb tNmZy-߃ D∂-bn-°p-hm≥ At±-l-Øn-\p- I-gn-bp-Ibpw
sNbvXp. temtKmkv ssZh-amsW¶n¬ tb-ip-{In-kvXp-hns\ kw_-‘n®v kphn-ti-jØ
- n¬ tcJs∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂ hkvXp-X-Ifpw temtKm-kns\ kw_-‘n®p ]d-™n-cn-°p∂ hkvXp-XIfpw HØp t]mIp-I-bn√; hn`n-∂-am-Wv. DZm-l-c-W-ambn Ncn-{X-Ønepw thZ]p-kvX-I-Ønepw
shfnhmbn h∂ tbiphn\v hni-°p-∂p, Zmln-°p-∂p, tIm]w D≠m-Ip-∂p, Zp:Jw D≠m-Ip∂p, ⁄m\-Øn\v ]cn-Xn ImWp-∂p, t¢iw, IjvS-∏m-Sp, acWw F∂o kz`m-h-hn-ti-j-߃
ssZh-am-Ip∂ temtKm-kn¬ ImWp-hm≥ km≤yX Dt≠m? C√. tbip-{In-kvXp. Hcp krjvSn-bmsW∂v sXfn-bn-°p-hm≥ CXv ]cym-]vX-at√? Adn-tbmkv tNmZn-®p. tbip-hn-ep≈ hy‡n-XzsØ- kw-_-‘n®v Adn-tbm-kn-\p≈ Nn¥ Hmdn-K-Wn¬ \n∂pw hfsc hn`n-∂-am-sW∂v CXv hy‡-am-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Adn-tbm-kns‚ tNmZy-߃ c≠p {][m\ Nn¥-Iƒ°p Imc-Wambn. H∂m-a-Xmbn tbip-{InkvXp F∂ hy‡n-bn¬ temtKm-kmWv GIhpw bYm¿∞-hp-amb
Bflmhv AYhm kzbw. c≠m-a-Xmbn tbip-{InkvXp Gs∂√mw ]d-bp-I-bpw, sNøp-Ibpw
A\p-`-hn-°bpw sNbvXpthm AsX√mw temtKm-kn-t\bpw _m[n-°p-∂p. Fs¥-∂m¬ tbiphn-ep≈ D◊ temtKm-kn-t‚Xp Xs∂-bm-Wv.
XpS-cpw.
D]-Im-c-kva-cW
RONY CHRISTOPHER
LUDHIANA
D]-Im-c-kva-cW
VIPIN VARGHESE
KAIPATTOOR
{]nb sI. tPmkv, amew, aW¿ImSv
GsXmcp a\p-jy\pw Adnt™m Adn-bm-sXtbm Ah-\h
- s‚ PohnX kml-Nc- y-߃ t\m°n
Fs¥-¶nepw Hs° {]tem-`-\-ß-fn¬s∏´v \ncm-i-bn¬ Ign-bp-∂-hcpw , Ign-tb-≠n- h-∂-h-cpap≠v. BZna amXm-]n-Xm-hmb BZmw, l∆m-bv°p-t]mepw kmØms‚ {]tem-`\w tI´v GZ≥
tXm´-Øn≥ \n∂v ]pd-Øm-tI≠n h∂p. Nne¿ s]-´∂v NXn-Ip-gn-bn¬ sN∂v NmSpw. a‰p Nne¿
Nn¥n°pw CXns‚ Zqjy-h-i-߃ F¶nepw Ah-km\w Ahcpw sN∂p NmSp-∂Xv AKm-[K¿ØØn-em-bn-cn°pw. Cu Ime-L´w Xs∂ a‰p-≈h
- sc Fßs\ h©n°mw F∂mWv BtemNn-°p-∂-Xv. Ipcp-´p- _p-≤n-bn¬IqSn Imcy-߃ t\Sn FSp-°m≥sh-ºp-I-bm-Wv. Ct∏mƒ
kzm¿∞-a-t\m-`m-h-tØm-sS-bmWv a‰p-≈-hsc ImWp-∂-Xv. Fs‚ Imcyw t\SWw. AXn\v tIm´w
h∂m¬ ]ns∂ {]Xn-Imc Nn¥-bm-Wv. ]t£ {]Xn-Imcw btlm-h-bv°p-≈-Xm-Wv. I¿Ømhv
]d-bp∂p an≠m-Xn-cp∂v Rm≥ ssZh-sa∂v Adn™p sImƒI.
hN\w ]d-bp∂p \mhv Xobm-Wv. kvtXm{Xw ]d-bp∂ hmbv sIm≠v im]-hm-°p-Ifpw Dcphn-Sp-∂p.- B-flm¿∞X F∂Xv C∂p-t≠m? Btc- ]-‰n-®m-tWepw th≠n√ Fs‚ Imcyw \S-°Ww. F¥v sX‰v sNøp-tºmgpw Hcp IÆv \Ωsf ImWp-∂p≠v F∂ Nn¥- D-s≠-¶n¬ \∂v.
{]tem-`-\-ß-fn¬ Dƒs∏-SmsX ]co-£-I-fn¬ \n∂v Rßsf c£n-°tW Fs∂ms° \Ωƒ
{]m¿∞n-°m-dp≠v. GXp taJ-e-bn¬ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂-h¿°pw sX‰p Ip‰-߃ D≠m-bn-´p-≠v.
D∂-X¿ AXv HXp-°n- Xo¿°pw. ]t£ ]mh-s∏-´h
- s‚ Imcy-߃ am{Xw ]pdwtemIw Adnbpw.
aZyw F∂ {]tem-`-\-Øn\v ASn-a-s∏´v F{Xtbm t]¿ IpSpw-_-Ø-I¿®-bn¬ \ncm-i-bn¬ Ignbp-∂p. \Ωƒ a‰p-≈-hsc GXv IÆp-sIm-≠mWv ImWp-∂Xv F∂v kz¥w a\: km£n-tbmSv
tNmZn-°-Ww. A√msX hkv{X- [m-c-W-sØ-∏-‰ntbm, kz`m-h-co-Xnsb t\m°ntbm A√ Ah-\hs‚ amt\m-`m-h-amWv amtd-≠-Xv. Imcy-km-[y-Øn\v th≠n ]e- {]-tem-`-\-ß-fn¬s∏-Sp∂hcp≠v. \Ωƒ Bflm¿∞-X-tbmsS Bbn-cn°pw a‰p-≈-hsc ImWp-∂-Xv. ]t£ Ah¿ GXv at\m`-h-tØm-sS-bmWv \Ωsf ImWp-∂-Xv. F∂-dn-bn-√. F{X XmWmepw th≠n-√. Ipsd ]Ww
D≠m-°W
- w. {]mhn-s\-t∏mse \njvIf- ¶
- cpw, ]mºn-s\-t∏mse _p≤n-bp-≈h
- cpw BIWw \mw.
C°sc \n∂m¬ A°-c-]-®. GXv {]tem-`-\-Øn¬ hoWmepw th≠n√ C∂v ASn®v s]mfn®v
Pohn-°-Ww. a‰p-≈-h-cpsS \∑-bn¬ Akq-b-s∏-´n´v Imcy-an-√. I¿Ømhv \ΩpsS IqsS Ds≠¶n¬ F¥v _p≤n-ap´p≠mbmepw AXv C∂-√-¶n¬ \msf amdpw Fs∂mcp hnizmkw \ap°v
D≠m-h-Ww. C∂sØ ]pXpXe-ap-d-Iƒ GXv {]tem-`-\-Ønepw sN∂p NmSm≥ Xøm-dmbn
\n¬°p-Im-b-Wv. GXv {]tem-`-\-Ønepw Hcp a\p-jy-t\bpw Ah-km\w hsc I_-fn-∏n-°m≥
]‰n-√. Rm≥ am{Xta \∂m-Imhq F∂ Nn¥m-KXn amd-Ww. ]¶p-hb
- v°e
- ns‚ Hc-\p-`hw \ΩpsS
Pohn-X-Øn¬ D≠m-I-Ww. a‰p-≈-h-cpsS lrZ-bsØ thZ-\n-∏n-°-cp-Xv. kmØm≥ ]e {]tem`-\ß
- f- m¬ I¿Øm-hns\ ]co-£n-®p. Ae-dp∂ knwlw t]mse Btc hngp-tß≠p Ft∂m¿Øv
kmØm≥ \ΩpsS IqsS-bp-≠v. \Ωƒ BZyw kmØms\ Iq´p-]n-Sn-°pw.
\ne-bn√m Ib-Øn¬ apßp-tºm-gmWv I¿Øm-hns\ hnfn-°p-∂-Xv. ]cm-Pbw hnP-b-Øns‚ apt∂m-Sn-bm-Wv. a\p-jy\n¬ B{i-bn-°p-∂-Xn-t\-°mƒ btlm-h-bn¬ B{i-bn-°p-∂Xv
\√-Xv. GsXmcp Imcy-Øn\pw FSpØp NmSp-tºm-gpw- Ddt∏msS aptºm´v t]mIm≥ ]‰pw F∂
Bfl ss[cy-tØmsS Nn¥nt® XpS-ßm-hq. Bcpw t{]cn-∏n-®n´v Hcp Imcy-Øn-\pw- F-SpØv
NmS-cp-Xv. apl-ΩZv \_n ]d-™-Xp-t]mse hniz-kvX-\-√m-Ø-h≥ hnizm-kn-b-√. hmKvZm\w
]q¿Øo-I-cn-°m-Øhcpw hnizm-kn-b-√.-{]-tem-`-\-ß-fn¬s∏-SmsX ZpjvS-\n¬ \n∂pw Rßsf
ImØp-sIm-≈tW F∂v {]¿∞-\-tbmsS \ap°v apt∂-dmw.
tIm¨{Kkv t\XrXzw Iqtd-°qSn Pm{KX ]pe¿ØWw
tIm¨{Kkv t\XrXzw sImSp-°p∂ bp. Un. F^ns‚ `c-W-t\´w th≠-co-Xn-bn¬ P\-ßfn¬ FØn-bv°m≥ Ign-™n-´n-√. Bcw-`w -ap-Xse tImem-l-e-ß-fpw, Agn-aXn Btcm-]-W-ßfpw, AsX Agn-a-Xn- B-tcm-]-W-ß-fpsS Hcp-tLm-j-bm-{X-X-s∂-bmWv ImWp-hm\pw tIƒ°phm\pw Ign-™-Xv, G‰hpw Ah-km\w _m¿tIm-gbpw XZzmc ]mem -am-Wn-Iy-Øn\v d_¿hn-et]mepw C√m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. K. P. C. C. {]kn-U‚v hn. Fw. kp[o-cs‚ P\-]-£-bm-{X-t]mepw
XI¿°m≥ DtZym-Kÿ cmjv{Sob KqVm-tem-N\ Ds≠∂v kp[o-c≥ Xs∂ ]d-bp-tºmƒ tIm¨{Kkns‚ A]-Nbw hy‡-am-Ip-∂p. km[m-cW tIm¨{Kkv AwK-߃ F¥p-sN-ø-W-sa∂v AdnbmsX hnj-a-L-´-Øn-em-Wv. F¬. Un. F^n¬ \n∂pw bp. Un. F^v ¬ \n∂pw P\-߃ _n.
sP. ]n. bnte°v Hgp-Ip-∂p-s≠∂v Adn-bmsX t]mI-cp-Xv. tIm¨{K-kn-ep≈ A, I, hnime
{Kq∏p-Is- f-°mƒ kp[o-cs‚ [oc-amb hm°p-Iƒ°pw {]hr-Øn-Iƒ°pamWv P\-߃ ]n¥pW
\¬Ip-∂-Xv. hn. Fw. kp[o-c≥ Gh¿°pw kzoIm-cy-\mb Hcp \√ tIm¨{Kkv {]h¿Ø-I\mWv. P\-lr-Z-b-ß-fn¬ At±lw F∂pw \ne-\n-ev°pI Xs∂ sNøpw.
]cn-ip≤ _tk-en-tbmkv Koh¿Ko-kv Zzn-Xn-b≥
_mhmbpsS Nca I\-I- Pq_nen BtLm-j-k-am-]\w
]cn-ip≤ _tk-en-tbmkv Koh¿Kokv ZznXn-b≥ ImtXm-en-°m-_m-hm-bpsS Nca I\-I-Pq_en
BtLm-j-ß-fpsS kam-]\hpw tZh-tem-IØv I_-d-S-ßn-bn-cn-°p∂ _tk-en-tbmkv HutK≥
{]Y-a≥ _tk-en-tbmkv am¿tØΩm amXyqkv {]Y-a≥ F∂o ImtXm-en-°m-_m-hm-am-cpsS
kwbp‡ Hm¿Ω-s∏-cp-∂mfpw P\p-hcn H∂p-ap-X¬ \mep-hsc \S-Øm≥ tZh-temIw ImtXmen-t°‰v Ac-a-\-bn¬ tN¿∂ Btem-N-\m-tbmKw Xocp-am-\n-®p.
P\p-hcn H∂n\v D®bv°v c≠n\v ]. _tk-en-tbmkv Koh¿Kokv ZznXn-b≥ ImtXm-en°m
_mh ]´w \¬Inb sshZn-Is- cbpw amtam-Zok, hnhmlw F∂o IqZm-iI
- ƒ _mhm-bn¬ \n∂pw
kzoI-cn-®-h-scbpw B Ime-L-´-Ønse amt\-PnwKv IΩ-‰n-Aw-K-߃, _mhm-bp-ambn _‘s∏´v {]h¿Øn-®-h¿ apX-em-b-h-scbpw ]s¶-Sp-∏n®p sIm≠v kvarXn kwKwaw kwL-Sn-∏n-°pw.
c≠n\v sshIn´v Ipdn®n hen-b-]-≈n-bn¬ \n∂v tZh-temIw I_-dn-¶-te°v Xo¿Y-bm{X
\SØpw. 3˛ \v \S-°p∂ s]cp-∂mƒ NS-ßp-Iƒ°v _tk-en-tbmkv am¿tØmΩ ]utemkv
ZznXn-b≥ Im-tXm-en°m _mhmbpw a‰v sa{Xm-t∏m-en-Øm-amcpw t\XrXzw \¬Ipw.
Nca I\-IP
- q-_en BtLm-jß
- f- psS kam-]\w \men\v Genbm IØo-{U-en¬ \S-Øm\pw
Xocp-am-\n-®p.
_tk-en-tbmkv am¿tØmΩm ]ueqkv ZznXn-b≥ ImtXm-en°m _mhm-bpsS A≤y-£-X-bn¬
tN¿∂ tbmK-Øn¬ tUm. amXyqkv am¿ Xn-tam-Øn-tbmkv , ^m. Fw. sI. Ipcy≥, ^mZ¿.
taml≥ tPmk-^v, k`m amt\-PnwKv IΩ-‰n-bwKw Fw. sI. tPmk^v, ^m. tPm¨ i¶-c-Øn¬,
^m. hn. Fw. G{_lmw hmg-bv°¬, ^m. Fw. kn. Ipdn-bm-t°mkv F∂n-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p.
Xt±-hqkv ]{X-Øns‚ hcn-kwJy Ab-®p-X-cm-Ø-h¿ hcn-kwJy
]pXp°n kl-I-cn-°-W-sa∂v A`y¿∞n-°p-∂p. \nß-fpsS hcnkwJy A/c No. 18800100004483-Federal Bank Ayarkunnam IFCC
Code FRDL 0001880 Ab-bv°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.
Printed, Published and owned by Fr. Dr. C. G. Mathews, St. Jude Dayara, St. Jude Jn., Amayannoor. Published from
Kottayam, 686019 and Printed at Sonia Offset Printers. Ayarkunnam, Kottayam, 686564. Editor:- Fr. Dr. C. G. Mathews
St. Jude Dayara, Amayannoor P. O.,
1/--pages
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