PSYCHOLOGICAL E-VOLUNTEERING AMONG RUSSIAN SPEAKERS Olga Bermant-Polyakova PhD http://olga.co.il Introduction An ethical message is delivered to society, into the mind and into daily life and behavior, by traditional educational and legal ways. This task may be realized by a novel way of evolunteering. An online volunteer is a volunteer who completes tasks, in whole or in part, via Internet. Currently there is no organization tracking the best practices in e-volunteering, amount of people engaged in online volunteering or how many organizations involve online volunteers. Ethical Attitudes Setting As we have written in our papers [1,2], communication in ru_psiholog is built according to the rules of psychotherapeutic encounter group. Anonymous participation is allowed both for topic starters and for commentators [6,7]. E-therapy is an area, that is actively investigated accordingly to high standards of evidence based practice in psychology . Model of Hippocrates (460 B.C. – between 377-356 B.C.), the principle “first, do not harm”, - puts in the forefront cautiousness and scientific verification of the help giver‟s acts, requires the awareness about the fact that any drug may be a poison, but any poison may be a drug. Participants We report about setting, psychotherapeutic effects, management issues, ethical dilemmas in our work, based on seven years practice of co-directing the community “Be Your Own Shrink” on Live Journal. Online communities depend upon the commitment and voluntary participation of their members [3,5]. Community design influences how people become attached to the community and whether they are willing to expend effort on its behalf . ru_psiholog.livejournal.com Whereas community is divided to readers and writers, we have analyzed active participation only. Duration of co-working in community ru_psiholog is shown in figure 1. Thousands of Russian speakers from 65 countries engage in collaborative work online that provides psychological support and psyho-educational help nonstop. How Long Are You Reading the Community, Whatever Daily or Sometimes? A few weeks About several month About half-year Model of Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), the principle of utility, basically means paternalism, because the help giver takes on himself the full responsibility for the life of the one asking for help and because gives to himself the right to decide, would his actions bring to others happiness or suffering. Bioethics by Van Rensselaer Potter (1911-2001), the principle of respect for human rights and personal dignity, - postulates that the one who asks for help, accepts responsibility for his own life, a help giver accepts demanding to respect decisions of the person, to whom his help is given, and at the same time, provides an opportunity to informed consent. Several years Many years About year From the beginning Figure 1 We have about 400 posts and 2,8 million watches of post‟s discussions per month. Model of Paracelsus (1493-1541), the principle of doing for good, based on analogy between macrocosm (physical universe) and microcosm (human), which implies the necessity to check the actions of the help giver with higher moral concepts of good and evil, and keeps the belief that helper is the transmitter of the God‟s power only. The most discussed topics in psychological evolunteering are dealing with „conflicting loyalties‟ situation. We find that the process of decision making in such case increases within the person the contradictions between different internalized ethical attitudes. Ambitendency leads to emotional discomfort, which could be worked through. An archive of transcripts counts 20,000+ group discussions, subdivided into 100 categories. During the last twelve years the amount of participants has grown significally, and now there are 30,000 Live Journal users, 120,000 participants from other social networks, more than one million comments on the site. We have also faced the phenomena of polyphony of ethical attitudes which are brought into e-volunteering. For more than twenty five centuries European culture has formed the number of rules and principles, so today four positions on this matter co-exist in the social-cultural reality. Their prototypes have come from medicine and may be viewed in historical sequence as follows: Who Are Community Maintainers? Group dynamics ravels are never-ending story online. Looking through psychological glasses, within the community a group of trolling people, a work group and a basic assumptions groups (according to Wilfred Bion, 1970) of dependency, fight-flight and pairing are involved in the complex interplay. Maintainers put group dynamics into discussion in Processing post weekly. Krasnoshtein Hanan, M.Sc. Literature Cited 1. Bermant-Polyakova O.V. (2014) Psychodiagnostics and existence. – Concept. 2014. Modern science researches. Issue 2. ART 54461. – URL: http://e-koncept.ru/2014/54461.htm 2. Bermant-Polyakova O.V., Krasnoshtein E.A. (2011) Group Psychotherapy Online: Phenomena, Dynamics, Group Process Management // Psychotherapy, 5 (101): 73-78. 3. Donath J. S. (1998) Identity and deception in the virtual community // Kollok, P. and Smith, M. (eds) Communities in cyberspace. London: Routledge. 4. Hedman E., El Alaoui S., Lindefors N., Andersson E., Ruck C., Ghaderi A., Kaldo V., Lekander M., Andersson G., Ljotsson B. (2014) Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of Internetvs. group-based cognitive behavior therapy for social anxiety disorder: 4-year follow-up of a randomized trial // Behaviour Research and Therapy, 59:20-9. Bermant-Polyakova Olga, Ph.D. 5. Li X. (2011) Factors influencing the willingness to contribute information to online communities // New Media Society, 13:279. – URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/13/2/279 6. Osman A., Wardle A., Caesar R. (2012) Online professionalism and Facebook- falling through the generation gap // Medical Teacher, 34 (8): e548-56. 7. Postmes T., Brunsting S. (2002) Collective action in the age of the Internet: Mass communication and online mobilization // Social Science Computer Review, 20: 290-301. 8. Ren Y., Kraut R., Kiesler S. (2007) Applying common identity and bond theory to design of online communities // Organization Studies, 28:377. – URL: http://oss.sagepub.com/content/28/3/377 Disclosure No competing financial interests exist.